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Safety of Aadhaar and Privacy Issues UPSC Notes

Aadhar and its safety – Data Security and Privacy concerns (Prelims, Mains GS2)

Aadhaar and its safety

  • The UIDAI is responsible for assigning a 12-digit unique identification (UID) number (Aadhaar) to all Indian citizens.
  • Following the provisions of the Aadhaar Act 2016, the Government of India established the UIDAI on July 12, 2016, under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.
  • UIDAI is a statutory authority

Concerns related to Aadhaar

  • Misuse of Aadhaar Data-Many private companies in the country require an Aadhaar card, and users frequently share the information.
    • There's no indication of how these organisations keep this information private and secure.
  • Excessive Imposition:
    • Fraud-prone Aadhaar-enabled Payment System (AePS): AePS is a facility that enables someone who has an Aadhaar-linked account to withdraw money from it anywhere in India through biometric authentication with a “business correspondent” – a kind of mini-ATM.
      • There have been rampant abuses of this facility by corrupt business correspondents

    Concerns with the Right To Privacy (Article 21)

    • With the rise of cybercrime and illegal data and information leaks on the internet, one of the most pressing concerns among the public was the Right to Privacy, which is a fundamental right for all citizens of the country.
    • In December 2018, the government passed the Data Protection Bill, which was based on a Supreme Court ruling on the right to privacy.
    • The government should recognise and address all aspects of the right to privacy, including data security, protection from unauthorised interception, surveillance, the use of personal identifiers, and bodily privacy.


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    Safety of Aadhaar and Privacy Issues UPSC Notes
    Aadhar and its safety – Data Security and Privacy concerns (Prelims, Mains GS2)
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