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Anaemia and Pregnancy UPSC NOTE

 


Anaemia and Pregnancy

  • Anaemia has a very strong link with postpartum haemorrhage (excessive vaginal bleeding after delivery), and the risk of death or near miss is very high.

  • As per the study, by the WOMAN (World Maternal Antifibrinolytic )-2 trial collaborators, worldwide, more than half a billion women of reproductive age are anaemic.

  • Each year, about 70,000 women who give birth die from postpartum haemorrhage, almost all of them in low-and middle-income countries.

  • There was clear evidence from the study that lower haemoglobin values had a direct relationship with volume blood loss, and clinical postpartum haemorrhage.

  • With decreasing maternal haemoglobin concentration, the risk of postpartum haemorrhage increases monotonically.

  • Anaemia reportedly reduces the oxygen-carrying capacity of blood, and therefore, women with anaemia cannot tolerate the same volume of bleeding as healthy women, and become shocked after a smaller volume blood loss.

  • The mean estimated blood loss post delivery was 301 mL for women with moderate anaemia and 340 mL for women with severe anaemia.

  • The risk of clinical postpartum haemorrhage was 6.2% in women with moderate anaemia and higher, 11.2% in women with severe anaemia.

Prevention of anemia

  • The Indian government has a well-structured project to provide weekly iron and folic acid supplements to adolescent girls (and boys), in order to tackle the looming crisis of anaemia.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Anaemia and Pregnancy UPSC NOTE
Anaemia and Pregnancy UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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