Assam Rifles UPSC NOTE


What is Assam Rifles?

  • The Assam Rifles (AR) is an Indian government-controlled paramilitary force responsible for border security, counter-insurgency, and maintaining law and order in Northeast India. 

  • It guards the Indo–Myanmar border.

  • The AR is one of the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) which are administered by the Ministry of Home Affairs. 

  • The Indian Army maintains operational control of the Assam Rifles.

  • The AR is nicknamed "Sentinels of the North East" and "Friends of the Hill People".


  • It is the oldest paramilitary force in India, originally raised in 1835 as Cachar Levy, a militia to protect tea gardens and the fertile plains of Assam against unruly tribes.

  • Its scope increased with the expansion of British Raj in Northeast India, and it was used against insurgencies in the region.

  • It got its present name in 1917.

  • After independence, the AR functioned under the Ministry of External Affairs.

  • Its operational control was transferred to the Indian Army after the Sino-Indian War of 1962.


  • It came under the administration of Ministry of Home Affairs in 1965, with the Army retaining operational control.

  • Headquarters : Shillong, Meghalaya.


  • World War I, where they served in Europe and the Middle East.

  • World War II, where they served mainly in Burma. 


  • After the Chinese annexation of Tibet, the Assam Rifles were tasked with manning Assam's section of the Tibetan border. 


  • They were also instrumental in maintaining law and order in Arunachal Pradesh.

  • Upholding internal security under the control of the army through the conduct of counterinsurgency and border security operations.

  • Provision of aid to civilians in times of emergency.

  • Facilitation of communications, medical assistance and education in remote areas.


  • In times of war they can also be used as a combat force to secure rear areas if needed.

  • Since 2002, the force has had the role of guarding the India–Myanmar border.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Assam Rifles UPSC NOTE
Assam Rifles UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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