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Bharat New Car Assessment Programme UPSC NOTE

 

  • The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has introduced the Bharat New Car Assessment Programme (NCAP).

  • The program involves an indigenous star-rating system for crash testing cars, assessing their safety in collisions.

  • The rating system will be voluntary and effective from October 1, 2023.


Features and Scope of Bharat NCAP:

  • Under Bharat NCAP, nominated cars will be crash-tested following protocols defined in Automotive Industry Standard 197.

  • The program covers passenger vehicles with up to eight seats, with a gross vehicle weight not exceeding 3,500 kg.

  • Ratings will be assigned based on three parameters: adult occupant protection, child occupant protection, and safety assist technologies.

  • Different tests, including frontal offset, side impact, and pole-side impact tests, will evaluate the parameters.

Voluntary Participation and Exceptional Cases:

  • While the program is voluntary, certain circumstances may necessitate crash testing, such as popular base models or recommendations for public safety.

  • Around 30 car models have been offered by manufacturers for crash testing under Bharat NCAP.

  • Objectives and Significance:

  • The primary objective is to empower consumers to make informed decisions when buying cars, promoting the demand for safer vehicles.

  • India records approximately 1.5 lakh road fatalities annually, contributing to 10% of global road crash deaths with only 1% of the world's vehicles.

  • Road crashes cost the Indian economy 5 to 7% of GDP annually, according to a World Bank study.

  • Global Influence and Evolution of Bharat NCAP:

  • Bharat NCAP's testing protocols are influenced by the Global NCAP, a project by the UK-based NGO, Towards Zero Foundation.

  • The Global NCAP initiated a Safer Cars for India campaign in 2014, conducting India's first independent crash tests on various models.

  • Over 50 results have been published for the Indian market since then, leading to improvements in vehicle safety.

  • Recent road safety regulations in India include mandatory dual front airbags, anti-lock braking system, seatbelt reminders, and reverse parking sensors.

Future Challenges and Progress:

  • Developing crash testing capabilities and expertise is necessary for effective implementation.

  • India needs to align Bharat NCAP with global standards by expanding testing parameters and improving vehicle safety measures.

  • Other countries' NCAPs include additional tests like roll-over, electric shock protection, and passenger protection evaluations.


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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Bharat New Car Assessment Programme UPSC NOTE
Bharat New Car Assessment Programme UPSC NOTE
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