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Central Bureau of Investigation UPSC NOTE

 Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)

  • It is the supreme and eminent investigating police agency in India.

  • Functioning under the Department. of Personnel, Ministry of Personnel, Pension & Public Grievances.

  • Established in 1963.

  • Headquartered in New Delhi.

  • The CBI derives the authority to investigate from the Delhi Special Police Establishment (DSPE) Act, 1946.

  • CBI investigates cases that are referred to it by state governments, courts, and the central government. 

  • It also has the power to take up cases on its own in certain circumstances.


  • CBI serves as India’s point of contact with INTERPOL.

  • Investigate serious and complex crimes such as corruption, economic offenses, major frauds, and high-profile cases.


  • Corruption, politically biased demeanour, and consent of state.

Allegations: “Arbitrary use”

Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)

Appointment of the CBI director:

  • The appointment is made by the Centre on recommendation by a three-member Appointment Committee.

  • The appointment committee comprises the Prime Minister as the chairperson, the leader of the opposition (LoP) in the Lok Sabha and the Chief Justice of India, or a Supreme Court judge nominated by him.

  • If there is no recognised LoP, then the leader of the single largest party is included in the committee.

  • The Central Vigilance Commission Act 2003 fixed the tenure of the CBI director at 2 years.

What is Section 6 of the DSPE Act, 1946?

  • As per Section 6 of the DSPE Act, 1946, the CBI needs consent from the respective State governments for conducting investigation in their jurisdiction. 

  • A general consent to CBI granted by State governments enables the central agency to carry out investigations without such hindrances.

Recently in news

  • Tamil Nadu announced that it has withdrawn the general consent given to the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).

  • States that have withdrawn general consent to the CBI to probe cases.


West Bengal

Tamil Nadu










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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Central Bureau of Investigation UPSC NOTE
Central Bureau of Investigation UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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