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Child Labour in India UPSC NOTE


Child Labour in India

  • A significant proportion of children in India are engaged in child labour. 

  • In 2011, the national census of India found that the total number of child labourers, aged [5–14], to be at 10.12 million, out of the total of 259.64 million children in that age group.

Cause of Child Labour in India:

  • Rising demand especially in urban areas. Due to their low cost and ability to adapt to the needs of the employe.

  • Prevalence poverty and debt trap in India especially in rural India.

  • Rural poverty and urban migration.

  • Parental illiteracy and ignorance

Constitutional Provision:

  • The Constitution (Eighty-sixth Amendment) Act of 2002 added Article 21-A to the Indian Constitution, as a Fundamental Right.

    • To provide all children between the ages of six and fourteen with free and compulsory education in accordance with any legal requirements imposed by the State.

  • Article 23: Prohibits forced work and human trafficking.

  • Article 24 states that no kid under the age of fourteen may be employed in a factory, mine, or in any other dangerous occupation.

Government Schemes on Child Labour

  • The Ministry of Labour and Employment created the PENCIL Portal as an electronic tool to effectively implement the No Child Labour policy.

  • Programme for the National Child Labour Project (NCLP): This programme enrols kids in school and prevents them from working in order to empower and motivate them.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Child Labour in India UPSC NOTE
Child Labour in India UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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