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Delimitation Process UPSC NOTE



  • Delimitation is the process of redrawing boundaries of Lok Sabha and State Assembly constituencies based on a recent Census to ensure that each seat has an almost equal number of voters. 

  • While the current boundaries were drawn on the basis of the 2001 Census.

  • The number of Lok Sabha and State Assembly seats remained frozen on the basis of the 1971 Census. 

  • In 2002, the Constitution was amended to place a freeze on the exercise until the first Census conducted after the year 2026.

  • This was due to imbalances in population growth between the northern and southern States.


  • The regional variations in population count are definitely showing a demographic divergence.

  • Even today we are violating the ‘one person, one vote, one value’ principle. 

  • Parliament has this leeway to say that nowhere can seats come down. 

  • Even if the number of seats increase overall, the ratio between parliamentary representation of the northern States and southern States might widen. 

  • So, Parliament must evolve a certain normative proportionality based on population, from which a deviation can always be considered. 

  • If we think of a solution to this particular problem, we cannot be looking at count alone.

  • There is judgment to be applied as to what count of proportionality should be maintained. 

  • There should definitely be a minimum of a normative of the count also. 

  • When it comes to representation, it is not the count, but the characteristic of representation which is more important. 

  • There are numbers that are larger and numbers that are smaller. 

  • A standard proportionality norm has to be negotiated in such a manner that we do not miss out on the marginal voices when it comes to representation, in terms of allocation of seats.

  • Representation is not merely by per capita representation, it involves a greater accommodation of diverse characteristics. 

  • And given India’s diversity and the unusual concentrations of certain groups in the population, this is important to take note of.

  • There are two to three very distinct flows of migration happening: from the east to the south; and from the north to the west. 

  • In political terms, migrants’ agency is going to play a very significant role in outcomes.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Delimitation Process UPSC NOTE
Delimitation Process UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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