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Forest Fire UPSC NOTE

 


Forest Fire - causes

Natural:

  • The following actions can ignite wildfires naturally (without the involvement of humans):

    • lightning 

    • volcanic eruption 

    • sparks from rock falls 

    • spontaneous combustion

Human activity:

  • Sources of human-caused fire may include arson, accidental ignition, or the uncontrolled use of fire in land-clearing and agriculture such as the slash-and-burn farming in Southeast Asia. 

  • In middle latitudes, the most common human causes of wildfires are equipment generating sparks (chainsaws, grinders, mowers, etc.), overhead power lines, and arson.[24][25][26][27][28][29] However, in the 2019–20 Australian bushfire season "an independent study found online bots and trolls exaggerating the role of arson in the fires."[30] In the 2023 Canadian wildfires false claims of arson gained traction on social media, however arson is generally not a main cause of wildfires in Canada.[31][32]


  • Coal seam fires burn in the thousands around the world, such as those in Burning Mountain, New South Wales; Centralia, Pennsylvania; and several coal-sustained fires in China. They can also flare up unexpectedly and ignite nearby flammable material.[33]

  • In middle latitudes, the most common human causes of wildfires are equipment generating sparks (chainsaws, grinders, mowers, etc.), overhead power lines, and arson.

  • Coal seam fires burn in the thousands around the world, such as those in Burning Mountain, New South Wales; Centralia, Pennsylvania; and several coal-sustained fires in China. 

  • They can also flare up unexpectedly and ignite nearby flammable material.

Measures needed to Overcome Forest Fires

  • Fire could be prevented in the summer through the removal of forest litter all along the forest boundary.

  • The creation of a Forest line could prevent fire from breaking into the forest from one compartment to another.

  • The best way to control a forest fire is therefore, to prevent it from spreading, which can be done by creating firebreaks in the shape of small clearings of ditches in the forests.

  • Need to adopt safe practices in areas near forests viz. factories, coalmines, oil stores, chemical plants and even in household kitchens.

  • Monitor and Manage Forests: Monitoring forests and managing them appropriately can help prevent fires from starting or spreading.

  • Early Detection and Rapid Response: Early detection of a forest fire is critical for effective mitigation.

    • The Forest Survey of India (FSI) is using satellite imaging technology (like MODIS) to analyse forest fire affected areas and boost prevention.

  • Reducing the accumulation of dead trees, dry vegetation, and other combustible materials through activities such as thinning and selective logging.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Forest Fire UPSC NOTE
Forest Fire UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
https://www.learnerz.in/2023/08/forest-fire-upsc-note.html
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