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Global Report on Food Crises (GRFC) 2023 UPSC NOTE

 


  • Published by the Food Security Information Network (FSIN) 

  • Global Report on Food Crises (GRFC) 2023 report estimates that between 691 million and 783 million people worldwide suffered from hunger in 2022.

  • Despite two pandemic years, food insecurity did not grow in  2022, but levels were significantly higher than in the pre-pandemic year of 2019.

  • The report highlights historic moments impacting the assessment, including the pandemic and economic crisis, the war in Ukraine, soaring food prices, and agricultural input costs.

  • The GRFC is produced by the Food Security Information Network in collaboration with 16 partners to assess acute food insecurity in different countries.

  • The report supports the Global Network against Food Crises and aims to provide a joint consensus-based assessment of acute food insecurity globally.

Drivers Of Food Insecurity

  • Impact of the Pandemic: Lockdowns and economic downturns in 2020 caused job losses and reduced incomes for many people, contributing to food insecurity.

  • Ukraine War: The ongoing war in Ukraine has had an impact on food security.

  • Increasing Urbanization: Urbanization drives changes in agrifood systems, which can have implications for food insecurity.

  • Comparison Among Populations: The report compares food insecurity among rural, peri-urban, and urban populations, showing that global food insecurity is lower in urban areas.

Solutions Ahead

  • Identifying Vulnerable Population Groups: The report helps identify vulnerable population groups to inform decision-making and design effective policies and programs.

  • Sound Nutrition for Sustainable Development: Sound nutrition is crucial for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and must be a central aspect of government policy, supported by civil society and the private sector.

  • Supporting Healthier Food Outlets: Recommendations include supporting healthier food outlets to enable access to healthy diets. Policy incentives can encourage shops to sell more fresh and minimally processed foods.

  • Addressing Street Foods: The report highlights the importance of addressing infrastructure and regulatory gaps to improve the nutritional safety and quality of street food, which is consumed daily by an estimated 2.5 billion people worldwide.

  • Building Rural Infrastructure: Investments in rural infrastructure, such as quality rural and feeder roads, warehousing, cold storage, electrification, digital tools, and water supply, can link remote farms and enterprises to main road networks and support small and medium-sized farms and enterprises.

  • Role of Local Governments: Local governments play a fundamental role in implementing essential policies for making healthy diets available and affordable for all. Multilevel and multi-stakeholder mechanisms are important in this regard.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Global Report on Food Crises (GRFC) 2023 UPSC NOTE
Global Report on Food Crises (GRFC) 2023 UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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