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Holocene Epoch UPSC NOTE


The Holocene Epoch

  • The Holocene is the name given to the last 11,700 years of the Earth's history — the time since the end of the last major glacial epoch, or "ice age." 

  • Since then, there have been small-scale climate shifts — notably the "Little Ice Age" between about 1200 and 1700 A.D. — but in general, the Holocene has been a relatively warm period in between ice ages.

  • Another term used often for the Holocene Epoch is the Anthropocene Epoch because its dominant peculiarities are the global changes caused by human activity.

  • This period has observed humanity’s history as well as the rise and fall of its civilisations.

  • Human presence and existence have resulted in the current period of Holocene epoch.

Evidence of Holocene Epoch:

  • The human activities have resulted in the extinction of various animal and plant species far before their estimated disappearance. 

  • The amount of plastic used is another damage caused to the environment. 

  • The increase in water and air pollution is another reason for the constant decline of the atmosphere.

  • The increase in the burning of fossil fuels and an increased level of carbon dioxide is also a result of human activities.

  • Use of fertilisers has increased the level of phosphorus and nitrogen in the soil, decreasing the quality of land for the growth of various species of plants.

  • The melting of glaciers is also an effect of global warming.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Holocene Epoch UPSC NOTE
Holocene Epoch UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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