India China issues UPSC NOTE


  • The standoff between India and China in Eastern Ladakh began in May 2020 and has continued for several years without achieving disengagement and de-escalation. 

  • Both countries have engaged in diplomatic, military, and political talks to resolve the situation along the Line of Actual Control (LAC).

  • Disengagement has been undertaken at five friction points, including Galwan, Pangong Tso, Gogra-Hot Springs, and PP15. 

  • However, disagreements remain regarding the Depsang Plains and Demchok areas. 

  • India maintains that these are additional friction points, but China refuses to accept them as such.

  • Multiple rounds of talks have taken place at the Corps Commander and Working Mechanism for Consultation and Coordination on India-China Border affairs (WMCC) levels.

  • Both India and China have been undertaking massive infrastructure development and military buildup along the LAC

  • During the disengagement process, buffer zones were established at the friction points to prevent fresh flare-ups. 

  • No patrolling is being conducted by either side until overall disengagement and de-escalation are achieved. 

  • Verification through aerial monitoring using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) and satellites is conducted regularly to ensure compliance.

  • Depsang is strategically important as it overlooks the Saltoro ridge and Siachen glacier, the world's highest battlefield

  • The area is close to the Karakoram Pass and poses a threat to Indian positions and access to the Darbuk–Shyok–DBO Road DSDBO road

  • The distance from the Limit of Patrol (LoP) to the LAC is the maximum in the Depsang area.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: India China issues UPSC NOTE
India China issues UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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