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India-France Defence Relations UPSC NOTE


India-France Defence Relations

  • This year 2023, India and France are celebrating 25 years of their strategic partnership.

  • France has emerged as a key defence partner for India, becoming the second largest defence supplier in 2017- 2021.

  • Induction of the French Scorpene conventional submarines, being built in India under technology transfer agreement of 2005.

  • India has procured 36 Rafale jets from France for its Air Force under a mega Rs 59,000 crore deal that was inked in September 2016.

  • The Tata group has also tied up with Airbus to manufacture C-295 tactical transport aircraft in Vadodara, Gujarat.

  • Military Dialogues and Regularly held Joint Exercises:

    • Varuna (navy), Garuda (air force), and Shakti (army).

Recent defence cooperation

  • Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) accorded approval for the procurement of 26 Rafale-M fighters from France.

  • The DAC granted the acceptance of necessity [AoN] for procurement of three additional Scorpenes under the Buy (Indian) category. The submarines will be constructed by Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders.

  • The two countries announced that they will extend their defence cooperation in advanced aeronautical technologies.

  • By supporting the joint development of a combat aircraft engine and also an engine for the Indian multi-role helicopter (IMRH) being designed and developed by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited.

  • They also support industrial cooperation for motorization of heavy-lift helicopters under the Indian Multi Role Helicopter (IMRH) programme with Safran Helicopter Engine, France.

  • To enable progress on the IMRH programme, a Shareholders’ Agreement between HAL, India and Safran Helicopter Engine, France has been concluded for engine development.

  • A contract being concluded between Safran Helicopter Engine and HAL for the “Transfer of Technology of Forging and Castings” for the Shakti Engine which powers HAL built helicopters.

  • MoU between Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Ltd. (GRSE), and Naval Group France, a leader in European Naval Defence Industry to collaborate in the field of surface ship that caters to fulfil the requirement of India and International Naval forces.

  • India is setting up a Technical Office of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) at its Embassy in Paris.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: India-France Defence Relations UPSC NOTE
India-France Defence Relations UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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