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Israel – Palestine issue UPSC NOTE


  • The Israel-Palestine issue stems from a longstanding historical and territorial dispute over land in the Eastern Mediterranean region (The Levant Region)

  • Both Israelis and Palestinians claim historical and religious ties to the same land, particularly in the area known as historic Palestine.

  • One of the key points of contention is the Israeli occupation of the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and the establishment of Israeli settlements in these areas. 

  • Palestinians argue that these actions violate international law and hinder the possibility of establishing a viable Palestinian state.


  • Palestinians seek the establishment of an independent state of Palestine based on the 1967 borders, with East Jerusalem as its capital

  • The conflict has resulted in cycles of violence, including acts of terrorism, military operations, and clashes between Israelis and Palestinians. 

  • Security concerns on both sides, such as rocket attacks, suicide bombings, and the construction of barriers and checkpoints, have further fueled tensions and made achieving a peaceful resolution more challenging.


Recent developments

  • Palestinian division, with Fatah controlling the West Bank and Islamist Hamas ruling Gaza.

  • The Arab world shifting its focus towards improving ties with Israel rather than supporting the Palestinian aspiration for nationhood.

  • The lack of significant response from the U.S. and Europe regarding Israeli troops killing Palestinians in the occupied territories, despite their involvement in supporting other conflicts.

  • The status quo in the West Bank and Gaza, including the blockade imposed by Israel for over a decade, being a recipe for disaster.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Israel – Palestine issue UPSC NOTE
Israel – Palestine issue UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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