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KFON UPSC NOTE

 What is KFON?

  • Kerala Fibre Optic Network (KFON), through which Internet connections would be provided free of cost to 20 lakh below-poverty-line (BPL) families.

  • The project is aimed at ensuring universal Internet access and narrowing the digital divide, which has become especially acute after the COVID-19 outbreak.

  • UN had passed a resolution recognising Internet access as a basic human right.

  • Kerala announced that access to the Internet would be a basic right in the State, becoming the first State in the country to do so.

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How is the government running the network and providing services?

  • The cabling works, stretching to 34,961 km, piggybacks on the Kerala State Electricity Board’s (KSEB) existing infrastructure. 

  • KFON Limited is, in fact, a joint venture of the KSEB and the Kerala State Information Technology Infrastructure Ltd (KSITIL).

  • The Department of Telecommunications (DoT) granted KFON an infrastructure provider (IP) licence and also approved it as an internet service provider (ISP).

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How is the government running the network and providing services?

  • About 22 of a total of 48 fibres will be used for the network’s own operations, with the KSEB also using some. 

  • The rest can be leased out.

How will the plan be rolled out?

  • The aim was to provide Internet connections to 14,000 BPL families, with 100 each from the State’s 140 assembly constituencies in the first phase.

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How will the plan be rolled out?

  • The panchayats and the urban local bodies were given the responsibility of choosing the beneficiaries.

  • As of now, Internet connection has been provided to 7,000 BPL families across the State.

  • Each household will get 1.5 GB of data per day at 15 Mbps speed. 

  • In the second phase, Internet services will be made available to the public at affordable rates.

  • Free Internet connections for BPL families and government institutions is just one part of the ₹1,548 crore KFON project. 

  • The rest of the network will be monetised. 

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What is the road ahead?

  • The commissioning of the first phase of KFON comes a week after the Chief Minister declared Kerala as India’s first fully e-governed State.

  • As many as 900 government services, comprising all the services usually required by the public, are now available through a single-window portal.

  • The government has also begun a digital literacy campaign at the grassroot level through various local bodies .

  • If the KFON project achieves what it has envisaged, it can bring about a change at the ground level as far as access and opportunities are concerned.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: KFON UPSC NOTE
KFON UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
https://www.learnerz.in/2023/08/kfon-upsc-note.html
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