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Monkey Pox UPSC NOTE


  • Monkeypox, or Mpox, is a viral disease that primarily spread to the human population through zoonotic spillovers, with rodents and primates serving as potential reservoirs. 

  • Mpox can be transmitted between humans through close contact and exposure to infected bodily fluids or lesions. 

  • Sexual contact is also believed to contribute to the spread of the disease particularly among certain demographics.

  • Mpox was a rare infection that was predominantly restricted to some countries in Africa until early 2022, when a rise in cases across the globe where the disease was not endemic, particularly in Europe and North America. 

  • According to WHO, over 87,000 cases of Mpox have been reported to date since January 2022, including 146 deaths.

  • Significant impacts have been observed in Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific region.

  • China reported four cases of Mpox in June 2023 (two from Beijing and two from Guangzhou), raising concerns about disease spread in the country.

  • Two cases were reported from Sri Lanka in patients with a travel history to Dubai.

  • Mpox has also been detected earlier this year in Thailand, Taiwan, Pakistan, and Japan, with some cases having a travel history to the Middle East.

  • Reports from the Middle East do not indicate an increase in the number of cases.

  • African region has also experienced a surge in cases, notably in Cameroon, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Nigeria.

  • Genomic surveillance of the monkeypox pathogen allows for contact tracing and monitoring of its evolution.

  • There is a noticeable lack of genomic data from developing countries, particularly in Asia. 

  • It is crucial to remain vigilant and prepared for future challenges, taking proactive measures to curb infections and protect vulnerable populations.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Monkey Pox UPSC NOTE
Monkey Pox UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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