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NATO Summit

 


Recent NATO Summit - Outcomes

  • The latest NATO summit held in Vilnius July 2023 underscored both these strategic necessities for the NATO.

  • A standout of the Vilnius Summit was the attendance of Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy and the anticipation around the possibility of extending NATO membership to Ukraine.

  • Launch of the NATO-Ukraine Council as a forum for crisis consultations and decision-making.

  • From Ukraine’s perspective, the Vilnius summit did usher promise but little immediate gains.

  • All three priorities outlined by President Zelenskiy — new weapons packages, security guarantees and an invitation to join NATO — went unfulfilled. 

  • However, the U.K. did pledge ammunition support to Ukraine. 

  • Additionally, garbed in the urgency to help Ukraine, NATO has levelled up its own defences.

  • NATO’s new plans involve maintaining a force of 300,000 troops, with air and naval capabilities, while emphasising the importance of a strong industrial base, leading to the endorsement of a Defence Production Action Plan.

What is the significance of the entry of new members?

  • The inclusion of Finland and approval of Sweden as NATO members indicates a few things. 

  • First, it signals that the Alliance continues to practise Article 10 of the Washington Treaty signed in April 1949 which states that member countries can invite other European countries to become members of NATO. 

  • It rests Ukraine’s potential membership on fertile grounds and conceptually deters Russia from taking steps against members of NATO. 

  • Secondly, Turkey’s (Member of NATO) scaling back of its long-standing opposition to Sweden’s inclusion in NATO is a significant shift. 

  • While the final approval remains contingent on Turkey’s parliament, Turkey President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s facilitation of Sweden’s membership prompts a desire to mend relations with the U.S. 

  • A better relationship with the U.S would cushion Turkey’s faltering economy and provide opportunities to resolve bilaterally contentious issues.

Who are other threat actors to NATO?

  • The Vilnius summit minced no words on the challenges and threats emerging from China’s stated ambitions and coercive policies. 

  • It stated that NATO faces threats from China’s malicious hybrid cyber operations, as well as confrontational rhetoric and disinformation, which specifically aim at NATO allies and pose a threat to the security of the Alliance. 

  • The NATO summit emphasised that the developments in the Indo-Pacific have become increasingly consequential for Euro-Atlantic security.

  • Expanding space in  Indo-Pacific for Quad countries, along with other regional countries like New Zealand and South Korea.

  • But even as the summit was on, Russia launched a drone attack on Kyiv, depicting an undeterred approach to NATO’s potential expansion. 

  • It is this contestation that is likely to define the future of Eurasian security.

  • Expanding space in  Indo-Pacific for Quad countries, along with other regional countries like New Zealand and South Korea.

  • But even as the summit was on, Russia launched a drone attack on Kyiv, depicting an undeterred approach to NATO’s potential expansion. 

  • It is this contestation that is likely to define the future of Eurasian security.

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