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Parliament Effectiveness UPSC NOTE


  • Our parliamentary system, crafted with some care, was sought to achieve:

    • law-making; 

    • accountability of the executive; 

    • approval of taxation proposals and control of national finances

    • discussion of matters of public interest and concern.

Decline of Parliament effectiveness

  • It is clear that Parliament has lost its effectiveness as an instrument of scrutiny, accountability and oversight.

  • Instead, devices of disruption crafted in opposition and innocently disowned in government, are sought to be legitimised.

  • Above all, the leadership of the day endorses it by a studied silence or lack of attendance, or both and with a noticeable tardiness towards the functioning of the standing committees. The end result is a declining process of scrutiny, debate and dissent.

  • The emergence of social media, a rival claimant to representative in civil society, has emerged as both complementary and antithetical to question or supplement the representativeness of Parliament.

  • ‘While Parliament has become increasingly representative in descriptive terms, it also simultaneously become[s] unresponsive in terms of legislation and governance and has tended to avoid accountability by closing ranks’.

  • A design for centralisation and personalisation, and the creation of a ‘Fuehrer (political title, it is strongly associated with the Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler) or Zaeem-like’ image

  • Administrative devices have been sought to be used to bring in line state institutions having an impact on the electoral process.

  • Both contributed to the achievement of a transition from populism to electoral authoritarianism; both are violative of the spirit of the constitutional text.

Recent challenges

  • Pluralism in the society and the associated challenge of binding diverse doctrines, beliefs, languages and ways of life into a single Indian character is not easy and aggravated by unequal access to resources, opportunities and freedoms.

  • Increasing inequality and economic divide 

  • The deplorable state of public accountability and oversight and public corruption is its manifestation. This is worsened by weakening the frame of law and caste, and community-based politics.

  • The diluted credentials of the welfare state due to thriving corporates, monetisation of public assets, and thriving partisans’ interests which have evaded almost all the institutions.

  • Increased polarization in the society and manifestation of India’s past on various lines by various political and non-political stakeholders.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Parliament Effectiveness UPSC NOTE
Parliament Effectiveness UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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