False
Download Learnerz IAS app from the Play Store now! Download

$show=search/label/May%202022

 


Primary Amoebic Meningoencephalitis UPSC NOTE

 


Primary Amoebic Meningoencephalitis (PAM) 

  • It is a rare brain infection that is caused by Naegleria fowleri and is usually fatal.

  • Naegleria fowleri, commonly known as ‘brain-eating amoeba’.

  • PAM infections are not spread from one person to another.

Sources of Infection and Risk Factors:

  • Naegleria fowleri lives in warm fresh water and soil around the world, and infects people when the ameba enters the body through the nose.

  • It destroys the brain tissue and causes swelling of the brain. 

  • Most Naegleria fowleri infections reported around the world have been linked to bathing and swimming in water bodies.

  • It grows best at higher temperatures up to 115°F (46°C) and can survive for short periods at higher temperatures.

  • The ameba can be found in:

    • Warm fresh water, such as lakes and rivers

    • Geothermal (naturally hot) water, such as hot springs



  • The ameba can be found in:

    • Warm water discharge from industrial or power plants

    • Untreated geothermal (naturally hot) drinking water sources

    • Swimming pools, splash pads, surf parks, or other recreational venues that are poorly maintained or minimally chlorinated

    • Tap water

    • Water heaters

    • Soil

  • Naegleria fowleri does not live in salt water, like the ocean.

How It Spreads?

  • Naegleria fowleri infects people by entering the body through the nose, usually while swimming.

  • The ameba travels up the nose to the brain where it destroys the brain tissue and causes swelling of the brain.

  • People cannot get infected with Naegleria fowleri from drinking water contaminated with Naegleria. 



Signs and Symptoms:

  • In its early stages, symptoms of PAM are similar to symptoms of bacterial meningitis.

  • Symptoms of PAM start 1 to 12 days after infection.

  • The initial symptoms include:

    • Headache, Fever, Nausea, Vomiting

  • Later symptoms include:

    • Stiff neck, Altered mental status (confusion), Lack of attention to people and surroundings, Seizures, Hallucinations, Coma

  • After the start of symptoms, the disease progresses rapidly and usually causes death within about 5 days (range 1 to 18 days).

Diagnosis:

  • The early symptoms of PAM are similar to other more common illnesses, such as bacterial or viral meningitis. 

PAM is difficult to diagnose because of the rarity of the infection and the non-specific early symptoms.

COMMENTS

Name

Amritsar,1,April 2024,301,Art & Culture,1,August 2023,251,Courses,7,Daily Current Affairs,48,December 2023,189,Disaster Management,2,Environment and Ecology,54,February 2024,228,Foundation Course,1,GDP,1,GEMS Club,1,GEMS Plus,1,Geography,67,Govt Schemes,2,GST,1,History,2,Home,3,IAS Booklist,1,Important News,71,Indian Economy,46,Indian History,2,Indian Polity,56,International Organisation,12,International Relations,58,Invasive Plant,1,January 2024,240,July 2023,281,June 2022,6,June 2023,268,March 2024,238,May 2022,17,May 2024,213,Mentorship,2,November 2023,169,October 2023,203,Places in News,2,Science & Technology,66,September 2023,205,UPSC CSE,111,
ltr
item
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Primary Amoebic Meningoencephalitis UPSC NOTE
Primary Amoebic Meningoencephalitis UPSC NOTE
https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/UNN7WHszRytZ-BA3TrIP66-60MzWv1-UMCNvlZyfzavAv9z9XGGgc3BRZCvDS6yKyndBYGAVtAKNQFDub3GnxEW6GEIn-MzesTfcavx_qPPbc-WCubC7RE-MBtoNVfROI78lqJDwAZ0MNwxIOZ0Fotg
https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/UNN7WHszRytZ-BA3TrIP66-60MzWv1-UMCNvlZyfzavAv9z9XGGgc3BRZCvDS6yKyndBYGAVtAKNQFDub3GnxEW6GEIn-MzesTfcavx_qPPbc-WCubC7RE-MBtoNVfROI78lqJDwAZ0MNwxIOZ0Fotg=s72-c
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
https://www.learnerz.in/2023/08/primary-amoebic-meningoencephalitis.html
https://www.learnerz.in/
https://www.learnerz.in/
https://www.learnerz.in/2023/08/primary-amoebic-meningoencephalitis.html
true
4761292069385420868
UTF-8
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share to a social network STEP 2: Click the link on your social network Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy Table of Content