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Ransomware Virus ‘Akira’ UPSC NOTE


What is ransomware?

  • Ransomware is a type of malicious software, used by cyber criminals, to infect a computer system by blocking access to the stored data by encrypting the files. 

  • A ransom is then demanded from the owner in exchange for the decryption key.

  • The malware may usually be injected remotely by tricking the user into downloading it upon clicking an ostensibly safe web link sent via email or other means, including hacking. 

  • It can spread throughout the network by exploiting existing vulnerabilities. 

  • Ransomware attacks can also be accompanied by theft of sensitive data for other sinister motives.

What is ‘Akira’?

  • It is an Internet ransomware virus that steals vital personal information and encrypts data leading to extortion of money from people.

  • This computer malware is targeting Windows and Linux-based systems.

  • One of the most alarming aspects of Akira ransomware is its utilization of double extortion tactics. 

  • The ransomware group first encrypts the victim’s data, rendering it inaccessible. 

  • They then threaten to release this stolen data on their dark web blog if the victim does not pay the ransom.

  • The ransomware group behind Akira is known to access victim environments through Virtual Private Network (VPN) services. 

  • This is particularly effective in cases where users have not enabled multi-factor authentication, making them vulnerable to attacks.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Ransomware Virus ‘Akira’ UPSC NOTE
Ransomware Virus ‘Akira’ UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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