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Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates UPSC NOTE

 


Tensions Between Saudi Arabia and the UAE:

  • In December, Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman (MbS) criticized the UAE, accusing them of betrayal and threatening retaliation.

  • He compared his retaliation to the harsh blockade of Qatar, indicating potential severe measures.

  • The Crown Prince's irritation might stem from UAE ruler Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed (MbZ) missing a crucial summit with the Chinese President.

  • This marks the end of the close relationship between MbS and MbZ.

Historical Camaraderie and Divergence:

  • MbS and MbZ initially had a mentor-mentee bond, forming strong strategic partnerships.

  • They collaborated in Yemen conflict, supported al-Sisi's Egypt, opposed Iran, disliked the Muslim Brotherhood, and imposed the Qatar blockade.

  • They disrupted democracy in Sudan and shared a close alliance.


Growing Differences:

  • UAE rejected OPEC+ oil production cut in 2017 due to its need to expand oil production.

  • UAE withdrew from Yemen, supported southern secession, and established bases.

  • UAE's expansion in the Red Sea and the Horn of Africa caused tensions with Saudi Arabia.


Shifts in Foreign Policy:

  • UAE normalized ties with Israel, departing from the Saudi-sponsored Arab Peace Initiative.

  • Saudi Arabia re-admitted Syria to the Arab League, while UAE didn't attend the summit.

  • Disagreements emerged over supporting different generals in Sudan and the pace of Saudi-Iran normalization.

Economic and Political Competition:

  • Saudi Arabia and UAE compete in global business, tourism, finance, and technology sectors.

  • Both vie for regional trade hub status, developing ports in the Gulf and Red Sea as part of China's Belt and Road Initiative.

  • UAE asserts its position with dynamism, ambition, global interactions, and a business-friendly image.

Future Outlook:

  • Competition, not cooperation, is likely to shape the relationship between Saudi Arabia and the UAE.

  • Saudi Arabia's leadership position in the Arab and Islamic worlds, along with its energy, business, and financial prominence, will remain unchallenged.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates UPSC NOTE
Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates UPSC NOTE
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