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World Refugee Day UPSC NOTE


When is World Refugee Day?

  • World Refugee Day is an international day organised every year on 20 June by the United Nations. 

  • It is designed to celebrate and honour refugees from around the world. 

  • The day was first established on 20 June 2001,in recognition of the 50th anniversary of the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees.

Significance of the day

  • The event aims to recognise the strength of the refugees who have fled the conflict and persecution of their country in hope of finding sanctuary and living a better life.


  • World Refugee Day builds the concept of understanding for their plight which shows one's resilience and courage in the rebuilding of their future.

  • This day is a reminder of our collective responsibility as global citizens and a call for engagement and empathy. 

  • It is a day to promote solidarity between communities, and, most importantly, to reflect on the importance of welcoming refugees and displaced persons into our communities.


Challenges faced by the refugees

  • Refugees and asylum seekers encounter a myriad of obstacles, such as legal recognition and challenges in obtaining government-issued documents, which hinder their access to essential services, including financial support and health care.

  • Refugees are not treated well by the local residents of the place.

  • They are considered as a burden on the local economy.

  • The local residents feel that refugees are snatching their job opportunities in that area.


  • Spreading diseases

  • Problem of shelter and food.

  • Lack of employment.

  • Low wages

Way forward

  • Refugees want opportunities, not handouts.

  • Refugees wish to be self-reliant and are eager to use their talents and passions to contribute to the communities hosting them.

  • Our efforts in creating an inclusive society must cater to the unique needs of refugee youth.


  • To ensure that truly no one is left behind, we should engage with and include youth, especially refugee youth, in the realisation of the Sustainable Development Agenda.

  • Addressing the rising number of the forcibly displaced is an urgent moral imperative that demands our collective action. 

  • The Global Compact on Refugees acknowledges the magnitude of the displacement crisis and calls for solidarity through a whole of society approach. 


  • Responsibility towards the forcibly displaced is not limited to governments but extends to each one of us including individuals, the private sector, non-government organisations and community-based organisations. 

  • It also recognises that the Global South is disproportionately affected and that host communities need assistance.

  • The Global Compact on Refugees strives to enhance the international response, support host countries, promote self-reliance, and explore long-term solutions such as resettlement and safe returns.


  • Embrace the principle of equitable burden-sharing and fulfil our responsibilities to refugees, ensuring their well-being and the well-being of their generous host communities.

  • Invite individuals, the private sector and governments to do their part in supporting youth from refugee and host communities. 

  • Together, we can truly ensure the Government of India’s vision of ‘Viksit Yuva Viksit Bharat’ is realized.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: World Refugee Day UPSC NOTE
World Refugee Day UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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