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Carrying Capacity of Himalayan States UPSC NOTE

 Carrying capacity of an ecosystem

  • Carrying capacity is the maximum population size that an ecosystem can sustainably support without degrading the ecosystem. 

  • Deaths and long term damage to an ecosystem occurs when a population exceeds the carrying capacity of its ecosystem.

  • Disease, competition, predator-prey interaction, resource use and the number of populations in an ecosystem all affect carrying capacity.

  • Change in carrying capacity for one species affects other populations in the area.

Importance of understanding carrying capacity of an ecosystem 

  • For economic planning 

  • For population control

  • For biodiversity conservation

  • For agriculture management

  • For urban planning

  • For food security 

Himalayan states

  • The 13 Himalayan states and UTs include Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura, Assam and West Bengal.

Why it is in news?

  • The Centre has proposed forming a 13-member technical committee to evaluate the “carrying capacity” of 13 Himalayan States.

  • Frequent landslides leading to deaths and destruction had led the Supreme Court to moot a re-evaluation of the load-carrying capacity of hill towns and cities.

  • The government said the States could constitute committees headed by their respective Chief Secretaries to collect information on the load-carrying capacity of their hill stations, cities, and eco-sensitive zones.

  • The Centre said experts could be drawn from multiple disciplines, including hydrology, remote sensing, Himalayan geology, forestry, wildlife, architecture disaster management, pollution and groundwater protection.

Challenges faced by the carrying capacity of Himalayan ecosystem

  • Flawed Development

  • Unregulated Tourism

  • Rising Temperatures

  • Climate Change and Glacial Melting

  • Accumulation of Black Carbon

  • Prone to tectonic activities

  • Soil Erosion and Landslides

  • Deforestation

  • Construction activities

  • Improper land use practices

  • Growth of Invasive Species


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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Carrying Capacity of Himalayan States UPSC NOTE
Carrying Capacity of Himalayan States UPSC NOTE
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