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Global Biofuel Alliance (GBA) UPSC NOTE

 Global Biofuel Alliance (GBA)

  • Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi along with the leaders of Singapore, Bangladesh, Italy, USA, Brazil, Argentina, Mauritius and UAE, launched the Global Biofuel Alliance on 9 September 2023, on the sidelines of the G20 Summit in New Delhi.

  • The Global Biofuel Alliance (GBA) is an initiative by India as the G20 Chair. 

  • To develop an alliance of Governments, International organizations and Industry to facilitate adoption of biofuels. 

  • The Alliance intends to expedite the global uptake of biofuels through 

    • facilitating technology advancements,

    • intensifying utilization of sustainable biofuels, 

    • shaping robust standard setting and certification through the participation of a wide spectrum of stakeholders. 

  • The alliance will also act as a central repository of knowledge and an expert hub. 

  • GBA aims to serve as a catalytic platform, fostering global collaboration for the advancement and widespread adoption of biofuels.

  • Bringing together the biggest consumers and producers of biofuels to drive biofuels development and deployment, the initiative aims to position biofuels as a key to energy transition and contribute to jobs and economic growth.

  • Announcement of the GBA showcases the action oriented nature of India’s positive agenda as G20 President and representing the “Voice of the Global South’’. 

  • GBA will support worldwide development and deployment of sustainable biofuels by offering capacity-building exercises across the value chain, technical support for national programs and promoting policy lessons-sharing. 

  • It will facilitate mobilizing a virtual marketplace to assist industries, countries, ecosystem players and key stakeholders in mapping demand and supply, as well as connecting technology providers to end users. 

  • It will also facilitate development, adoption and implementation of internationally recognized standards, codes, sustainability principles and regulations to incentivize biofuels adoption and trade.

  • The initiative will be beneficial for India at multiple fronts. 

  • GBA as a tangible outcome of the G20 presidency, will help strengthen India’s position globally. 

  • Moreover, the alliance will focus on collaboration and will provide additional opportunities to Indian industries in the form of exporting technology and exporting equipment. 

  • It will help accelerate India’s existing biofuels programs such as PM-JIVAN Yojna, SATAT, and GOBARdhan scheme, thereby contributing to increased farmers’ income, creating jobs and overall development of the Indian ecosystem.

  • As per IEA, there will be 3.5-5x biofuels growth potential by 2050 due to Net Zero targets, creating a huge opportunity for India.

Countries and organizations which have already joined GBA:

  • 19 countries and 12 international organisations have already agreed to join.

  • G20 countries supporting GBA: 1. Argentina, 2. Brazil, 3. Canada, 4. India 5. Italy, 6. South Africa, 7..USA

  • G20 Invitee Countries supporting GBA: 1. Bangladesh, 2. Singapore, 3. Mauritius, 4. UAE

  • Non G20 supporting GBA: 1. Iceland, 2. Kenya, 3. Guyana, 4. Paraguay, 5. Seychelles, 6. Sri Lanka, and 7. Uganda have agreed to be initiating members of GBA, and 8. Finland

  • International organizations (12): World Bank, Asian Development Bank, World Economic Forum, World LPG Organization, UN Energy for All, UNIDO, Biofutures Platform, International Civil Aviation Organization, International Energy Agency, International Energy Forum, International Renewable Energy Agency, World Biogas Association.

  • GBA Members constitute major producers and consumers of biofuels. 

    • USA (52%), Brazil (30%) and India (3%),  contribute about 85% share in production and about 81% in consumption of ethanol.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Global Biofuel Alliance (GBA) UPSC NOTE
Global Biofuel Alliance (GBA) UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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