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Military Coups in African Nations UPSC NOTE

 

  • Several African nations, including Niger, Sudan, Mali, Burkina Faso, and Guinea, have experienced military coups in recent months, raising concerns about political stability.

  • Western and Regional Opposition to Coups: Regional powers and Western countries have taken a tough stance against the coup leaders, demanding the restoration of democracy in affected African countries.

  • Dangerous Trend of Military Takeovers: The ease with which military generals have seized power in these countries has set a dangerous trend across the continent.

  • Niger Dismissed Western Ultimatum: The new rulers of Niger dismissed Western demands to restore democracy, defying the ultimatum.

  • Motivations Behind Military Takeovers: In countries like Mali, Burkina Faso, and Niger, which face Islamist militancy, the military has promised improved security and economic opportunities as motivations for their takeovers.

  • Gabon's Unique Situation: In Gabon, the Republican Guard took control after a disputed election, ending Ali Bongo's presidency. Ali Bongo had been a close French ally, continuing his father Omar Bongo's legacy.

  • Challenges in Gabon: Despite its wealth, Gabon faces significant challenges, with a sizable portion of its population living in poverty and high youth unemployment.

  • Pressure on Ali Bongo's Regime: Ali Bongo's regime faced pressure from the opposition, which demanded free and fair elections and economic equity.

  • Changing Geopolitical Dynamics: The coups reflect changing geopolitical dynamics in Africa, with some countries shifting alliances. 

  • Russia expanded its influence in Mali and Burkina Faso, while Gabon turned to China as its primary trading partner, replacing France.

  • Risk-Taking Generals: A generation of risk-taking generals is making swift moves to seize power, increasing pressure on traditional regimes.

  • Transborder Threat: The trend of military takeovers could pose a threat to elections, regime stability, and political order across borders in Africa.

  • Geopolitical Shift: The shift in alliances, with African nations turning to countries like Russia and China, challenges Western influence and calls for coup leaders to step down have had limited impact.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Military Coups in African Nations UPSC NOTE
Military Coups in African Nations UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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