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National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) UPSC NOTE

 National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG)

  • The National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) is an initiative launched by the Government of India with the objective of cleaning and rejuvenating the river Ganga.

  • Over the years, the river has suffered from pollution and degradation, posing serious challenges to its sustainability.

  • In response, NMCG was established to address these concerns and rejuvenate the river Ganga.

  • The National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) is registered as a society under the Societies Registration Act 1860.

  • The NMCG acts as the implementation arm of the National Ganga Council (which replaced the National Ganga River Basin Authority in 2016).

  • National Ganga Council was constituted in 2016 under the Environment (Protection) Act (EPA),1986, and headed by the Prime Minister of India.

Key Objectives of NMCG:

  • The primary objective of NMCG is to clean and rejuvenate the river Ganga, ensuring its ecological integrity and providing a clean and uninterrupted flow. 

  • It aims to ensure effective abatement of pollution and rejuvenation of the river Ganga by adopting a river basin approach to promote inter-sectoral co-ordination for comprehensive planning and management.

  • It also aims to maintain minimum ecological flows in the river Ganga with the aim of ensuring water quality and environmentally sustainable development.

Challenges in its implementation:

  • Several sewage treatment plants took time to be commissioned as there were problems with land acquisition.

  • States were under the impression that building treatment plants was entirely the Centre’s responsibility.

  • Industrial pollution

  • Untreated Sewage flow

  • The problem of illegal and rampant construction near river beds led to encroachment of the river banks, obstructing the river flow.

  • Violation of ecological- flow (e-flow) of the river mainly due to unscientific construction of hydropower projects.

  • Poor Governance

Recently in news

  • In the seven years since the government unveiled its ambitious ₹20,000-crore National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG), it has installed treatment plants capable of treating just 20% of the sewage estimated to be generated in the five major States that lie along the river. 

  • This is expected to increase to about 33% by 2024. 

  • According to the latest projections by senior officials in the NMCG, the treatment plants will be capable of treating 60% of sewage by December 2026.

  • These calculations are premised on sewage to the tune of 11,765 million litres per day (MLD) being generated in the five States — Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal — through which the river courses.

  • However, the NMCG plans on setting up sewage treatment plants (STPs) capable of treating about 7,000 MLD of sewage by 2026.

  • The States are expected to set up the remaining capacity, both on their own, and drawing on separate initiatives by other arms of the Union government.


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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) UPSC NOTE
National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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