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  • Okara is the capital city of Okara District in the Punjab province of Pakistan.

  • The city is located southwest of the city of Lahore and Faisalabad is 100 km bypassing away Ravi River. 

  • It is known for its agriculture-based economy and cotton mills. 

Satluj River


  • The Sutlej or Satluj River is the longest of the five rivers that flow through the historic crossroads region of Punjab in northern India and Pakistan. 

  • The Sutlej River is also known as Satadru.

  • It is the easternmost tributary of the Indus River. 

  • Bhakra Nangal Dam is a concrete gravity dam on the Satluj River in Bhakra Village in Himachal Pradesh.

  • The Bhakra Dam is built to provide irrigation and other facilities to the states of Punjab, Rajasthan and Haryana.

  • The waters of the Sutlej are allocated to India under the Indus Waters Treaty between India and Pakistan.

  • Mostly diverted to irrigation canals in India like the Sirhind Canal, Bhakra Main Line and the Rajasthan canal.

  • The drainage basin in India includes the states and union territories of Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Ladakh and Haryana.

  • The source of the Sutlej is west of the catchment area of Lake Rakshastal in Tibet, as springs in an ephemeral stream. 

  • Lake Rakshastal used to be part of the Sutlej river basin long ago and separated from the Sutlej due to tectonic activity.

  • The nascent river flows under the Tibetan name Langqên Zangbo (Elephant River or Elephant Spring) to the Shipki La pass, entering India in Himachal Pradesh state.

  • Ropar Wetland in Punjab is located on the Sutlej river basin.

  • The Sutlej unites with the Chenab River, forming the Panjnad River, which finally flows into the Indus river.

  • Tributaries  

    •  Left - Baspa

    •  Right - Spiti, Beas, Chenab

  • Sutlej is an antecedent river, which existed before the Himalayas and entrenched itself while they were rising.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Okara UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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