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One Nation, One Election (ONOE) UPSC NOTE


  • The ONOE plan aims to synchronize the timing of Lok Sabha (national) and State Assembly (regional) elections across all Indian states to reduce the frequency of polls throughout the country.

  • Initially, after the adoption of the Constitution in 1950, Lok Sabha and State Assembly elections were held simultaneously until disruptions occurred in 1967.

  • Currently, only a few states like Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Andhra Pradesh, and Odisha hold assembly elections together with the Lok Sabha elections.

  • In August 2018, the Law Commission of India (LCI) released a draft report on simultaneous elections, stating that constitutional amendments and the approval of at least 50% of states would be required to implement ONOE.

  • The LCI suggested that ONOE could lead to cost savings, reduced administrative strain, improved implementation of government policies, and greater administrative focus on development instead of electioneering.

  • The idea of simultaneous elections had been advocated as far back as 1999 by a previous Law Commission.

Concerns about ONOE:

  • Feasibility Concerns: Implementing ONOE raises questions about what would happen if the Central or State government collapses mid-tenure. 

  • Would elections be held again in every state, or would President's rule be imposed? Amending the Constitution for such a change is a complex process.

  • Federalism Issue: ONOE may conflict with the concept of federalism, as it implies that the entire nation is "one," which contradicts the idea of India as a "Union of States."

  • Blending of Issues: Recurrent elections at different levels (national and state) prevent the blending of issues and ensure greater accountability, as the issues and priorities at these levels can differ significantly.

  • Cost Considerations: The Central government has emphasized the substantial costs associated with frequent elections, but some argue that the expense per voter per year is not exorbitant.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: One Nation, One Election (ONOE) UPSC NOTE
One Nation, One Election (ONOE) UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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