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Rice Exports UPSC NOTE

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  • In a move to check domestic rice prices and ensure domestic food security, the Indian government has 

    • prohibited the export of white rice.

    • levied a 20% export duty on par-boiled rice till October 15,

    • permitted the export of Basmati rice for contracts with value of $1,200 a tonne or above. 

    • The export of broken rice has been prohibited since last September. 

  • However, it is allowed on the basis of permission granted by the government to other countries to meet their food security needs and based on the request of their government.

What is the rice production estimate?

  • According to the third Advanced Estimate of the Department of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, during the Rabi season 2022-2023, rice production was 13.8% less, at 158.95 lakh tonnes against 184.71 lakh tonnes during Rabi 2021-2022.

  • Kharif sowing data show that rice is sown increased.

  • But, in States such as Tamil Nadu where the Samba crop sowing starts usually in August in the Cauvery delta area, a section of farmers says there will be delayed sowing due to a shortfall in the south west monsoon. 

  • El Nino effects are likely to impact some extent. 

What about rice exports?

  • India is the largest rice exporter globally with a 45% share in the world rice market. 

  • Overall rice exports in April-May of 2023 were 21.1% higher compared with the same period last financial year. 

  • In May alone, export of Basmati rice was 10.86% higher than its exports in May 2022.

  • Non-Basmati rice shipments were 7.5% more, despite the government introducing a 20% export duty on white rice and prohibiting the export of broken rice last September.

  • The shipment of non-Basmati rice has been on the rise for the last three years and the export of Basmati rice in 2022-2023 was higher than the previous year.

  • The data shared by the government says that till August 17 this year, total rice exports (except broken rice) were 15% more .

What can Indian farmers expect?

  • The government has increased the Minimum Support Price (MSP) for rice, and the paddy procured now by rice millers are at a price higher than the MSP. 

  • The prices will not decline for farmers. 

  • The restrictions on exports will ensure that there is no steep climb in rice prices in the market.

  • When the bench mark price set by the government is high, the farmers will realise better prices, say trade sources. 

  • For domestic consumers, though there is a slight increase in rice prices at present, in the long run, availability is secured and prices are not expected to spiral. 

What are exporters saying?

  • Prices of Indian par-boiled rice in the international market is competitive even with the levy of a 20% duty. 

  • Countries such as Indonesia, which are rice exporters, are looking at imports (raw rice) now. International demand is very high.

  • When the global rice market is bullish, it will absorb volume in high prices too.

  • The government should look at classifying rice as common rice and speciality rice for export policy decisions rather than classifying as Basmati and non-Basmati. 

  • As many as 12 varieties of rice have Geographical Indication (GI) recognition and these should be insulated from general market interventions.

  • In the case of Basmati rice, the government should have permitted exports to continue or fixed the minimum value for exports at $900 a tonne.

  • Exporters will not buy paddy if there is no demand. This will only affect the farmers. 

  • Since Indian rice quality and the consistency in supply is good, export demand for Indian rice went up. 

  • Basmati is a speciality rice and new crop arrivals will start soon and there is no need for restrictions.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Rice Exports UPSC NOTE
Rice Exports UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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