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Temple of Apollo, Corinth UPSC NOTE

 

Temple of Apollo, Corinth

  • Temple of Apollo, in Ancient Corinth, was built about 540 B.C. in the Doric style on the ruins of much earlier temple. 

  • It is one of the earliest Doric temples in the Peloponnese constructed of local limestone on top of an imposing, rocky hill.

  • This temple was an emblem for the Greek city of Corinth, reflecting its growth and prosperity.

  • The Temple of Apollo was built upon a Temple Hill, which was an outcropping of natural rock, which allowed for a sturdy platform on which the temple could be built. 

  • Corinth was a city-state (polis) on the Isthmus of Corinth, the narrow stretch of land that joins the Peloponnese to the mainland of Greece, roughly halfway between Athens and Sparta.

  • Ancient Corinth was one of the largest and most important cities of Greece.

  • Apollo is one of the essential Olympian deities in classical Greek and Roman religion and mythology. 

  • For the Greeks, Apollo was the god of music, prophecy, healing, the sun, poetry, and more.

Super Moon

What is a supermoon?

  • The Moon travels around our planet in an elliptical orbit, or an elongated circle, with Earth closer to one side of the ellipse. 

  • Each month, the Moon passes through the point closest to Earth (perigee) and the point farthest from Earth (apogee). 

  • When the Moon is at or near its closest point to Earth at the same time as it is full, it is called a “supermoon.” 

  • During this event, because the full moon is a little bit closer to us than usual, it appears especially large and bright in the sky.

Blue Moon

What is a blue moon?

  • A blue moon is the term for when we see the full moon twice in a single month. 

  • The Moon's cycle is 29.5 days, so just a bit shorter than the average length of a calendar month. 

  • Eventually that gap results in a full moon happening at the beginning of a month with enough days still remaining for another full cycle ― so a second full moon in the same month. 

  • In other words, a full moon that happens on the 1st or 2nd of a month will probably be followed by a second full moon on the 30th or 31st. 

  • This happens every two to three years.

  • Sometimes, smoke or dust in the air can scatter red wavelengths of light, as a result of which the moon may, in certain places, appear more blue than usual. But this has nothing to do with the name “blue” moon.

  • People sometimes refer to two types of blue moons: monthly and seasonal. 

  • Seasonal blue moons occur when there are four full moons in a single season (spring, summer, fall and winter) instead of the usual three.

Super Blue Moon

Super Blue Moon

  • It will be both a “blue moon” and a “super moon” and therefore, a “Super Blue Moon”, a rare trifecta of astronomical events.

  • It recently occurred in August 2023.

  • The next super blue moons will occur in a pair, in January and March 2037.

Do blue moons and supermoons always occur together?

  • No. The term “supermoon” is used to describe a full Moon that occurs within a day or so of perigee, so they happen three to four times a year. 

  • About 25 percent of all full moons are supermoons, but only 3 percent of full moons are blue moons. 

  • The time between super blue moons is quite irregular ― it can be as much as 20 years ― but in general, 10 years is the average. 


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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Temple of Apollo, Corinth UPSC NOTE
Temple of Apollo, Corinth UPSC NOTE
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