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U.S. - Vietnam Relations and Indo-Pacific UPSC NOTE

Indo-Pacific region 

U.S. - Vietnam Relations and its implications on the Indo-Pacific region 

  • Mr. Biden’s Indo-Pacific policy now counts Vietnam as among the U.S.’s ‘leading regional partners’ in the region. 

  • In May 2022, the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework for Prosperity (IPEF) was launched by the U.S., with Vietnam as a founding member along with 13 other countries to revive Washington’s economic dynamism in the Asia-Pacific.

  • The U.S.-Vietnam relationship is now rapidly expanding its bilateral spectrum with an emphasis on enhancing political trust, strengthening science, technology, health and digital innovation cooperation, training of high-quality workforce, addressing climate change, and establishing a strong defence relationship in the backdrop of China’s increasing assertiveness. 

  • Addressing legacy issues underlines these cooperative efforts.

  • The war in Europe has thrown new challenges for Vietnam as its weapons import from Russia — its largest defence supplier — has been hit by West-led sanctions. 

  • These limitations in the face of Vietnam’s resolve to modernise its military, coupled with an ever-growing assertiveness from China, is also gradually nudging Vietnam in a new direction.

  • China’s dramatic steps in 2014 to place oil rigs in Vietnam’s Exclusive Economic Zone and subsequent assertive posturing have tested its avowed policy to stay clear of great power politics in the region. 

  • Undoubtedly, Washington senses an opportunity here and bolstering the defence and security relationship with Vietnam is a key piece of America’s grand strategy in the Indo-Pacific.

  • The U.S. seeks to start the process of friend-shoring supply chains in the semiconductor industry to Vietnam, even as it seeks to boost Hanoi’s chip manufacturing capabilities. 

  • The two countries seek an expanded economic partnership by increasing investments in critical technologies, chips and Artificial Intelligence.

  • This provide a space for linking such partnerships across the broader realms of the Indo-Pacific with like-minded partners. 

  • India’s initiative on Critical and Emerging Technology (iCET) partnership with the U.S. along with the Quad’s Principles of critical and emerging technology could provide an overarching framework in the Indo-Pacific for a standardisation of technology in its design, development and use. 

  • A supply chain arch which extends from Vietnam to Europe via West Asia, and anchored by India with the newly-launched India-Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor during the recent G-20 meet in India could symbolise ‘comprehensive strategic partnership’ in an apt way.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: U.S. - Vietnam Relations and Indo-Pacific UPSC NOTE
U.S. - Vietnam Relations and Indo-Pacific UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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