Afghan – India Relation UPSC NOTE

 Why in News

  • Afghanistan diplomats in Delhi plan their exit, citing a resource crunch and lack of support from the External Affairs Ministry.

Afghan – India Relation

  • The friendly relation with Afghan and India can be traced back to January 1950.

  • In history, number of invaders invaded the northern regions of India between the 10th century to the mid 18th century 

  •  Number of invaders such as Ghaznavids, Ghurids, Khaljis, Suris, Mughals, and Durranis from Afhgan.

  • India aided the overthrow of the Taliban.

  • India is the largest regional provider of humanitarian and reconstruction aid to Afghanistan.

Indo-Afghan Political Relations 

  • After the fall of the Taliban, India established diplomatic relations with afghan.

  •  India is today the fifth-largest provider of development assistance to Afghanistan.

  • In 2005, India proposed Afghanistan’s membership in the SAARC.

Indo – Afghan Economic relation

  • For the improvement in  transport connectivity and economic collaboration ,India invested $10.8 billion in Afghanistan as of 2012.

  • India helped in the reconstruction of Salma Dam in the Herat province.

  • India provides fund for irrigation projects in 75,000 hectares of farmland in the Chisti Sharif district.

  • 800 MW power plant, Hydro-electric power projects, transmission lines and roads.

  • The Indian government is invested US$100 million in the expansion of the Chabahar port in southeastern Iran, which will serve as a hub for the transportation of transit goods to afghan.

 Closure of the Afghan Embassy in Delhi

  • Taliban tried to appoint a new Ambassador, even as they examine the authenticity of the note verbale they received.

  • Acting Ambassador of Afghan — informed the Ministry that they were unable to continue functioning with their present resources and intended to shut down operations by Saturday.

  • Mission’s education attache of Afghan is the last remaining Afghan diplomats in Delhi. They are expected to leave for Europe, while four Indian staffers will remain to take care of the mission.

  • Ministry for Ex affairs, refusing to respond to appeals for support, as well as not extending diplomatic visas.

  •  Afghan accused the India of changing its position to reopened its mission in Kabul in June 2022.

  • It believed New Delhi was softening its position on the Taliban regime.

Diplomatic policies of various countries regarding the Taliban-led government in Afghanistan.

  • No government has yet recognized the Taliban as the legitimate authority in Kabul

  • 15 countries, including India, operate diplomatic missions there.

  • In addition, Russia, China, Pakistan, and some central Asian countries have allowed the Taliban to appoint Acting Ambassadors in their capitals.

  • Some countries have even allowed the black and white flag of the Taliban’s Islamic Emirate to replace the red, green and black tricolor of the previous Islamic Republic.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Afghan – India Relation UPSC NOTE
Afghan – India Relation UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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