Government and Spyware UPSC NOTE

 What is spyware?

  • Spyware is loosely defined as malicious software.

  • Designed to enter a device, gather sensitive data, and forward it to a third party.

  • All spy activities are done without the user consent.

  • Spyware is used for commercial purposes like advertising and to make profit from data stolen from a victim’s device.

  • Spyware is broadly categorised as trojan spyware, adware, tracking cookie, and system monitors.

Uses of spyware 

  • Spyware can be used to steal personal information such as passwords, credit card numbers, and Social Security numbers.

  • Spyware can be used to steal money from victims by intercepting their online banking transactions or credit card payments.

  • Spyware can be used by competitors to steal trade secrets and other confidential information from businesses.

  • Spyware can be used by governments to monitor the activities of their citizens.

  •  Spyware can be used by stalkers to track their victims' movements and communications.

legitimate purposes

  • Parents can use spyware to monitor their children's online activity and protect them from online predators.

  • Employers can use spyware to monitor their employees' work activity and ensure that they are not violating company policy.

  • Businesses can use spyware to detect fraudulent activity on their websites and networks.

Recent attacks of spyware

  • In September 2023, researchers discovered a new batch of Android spyware apps on Google Play that had been installed over 30 million times.

  • In August 2023, cybersecurity firm CISA warned government agencies about the risks of spyware attacks on iPhones.

  • In July 2023, researchers at Citizen Lab discovered that Pegasus spyware had been used to target journalists and activists in several countries. 

  • In June 2023, researchers at ESET discovered a new spyware campaign that was targeting Android users in India.

  • Former Egyptian MP Ahmed Eltantawy was targeted with Cytrox’s Predator spyware sent via links on SMS and WhatsApp.

How spyware impact on human rights.

  • Issue of privacy.

  • Freedom of expression.

  • Unfair trials.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Government and Spyware UPSC NOTE
Government and Spyware UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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