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Tej Cyclone UPSC NOTE

 Why in News

  • The very severe cyclone, Tej, that formed over the Arabian Sea on Sunday intensified into an extremely severe cyclone.

  • Kerala is likely to receive isolated heavy rainfall triggered by the weather system

Tej Cyclone

  • Cyclone Tej is a very severe cyclonic storm that is currently over the Arabian Sea. 

  • It is expected to make landfall on the Yemen-Oman coast around noon on October 24.

  • As latest report it’s a severe cyclonic storm with wind speeds of 115-125 kmph, gusting to 140 kmph.

  • It is also likely to cause heavy rain and strong winds in Yemen and Oman. 

  • The storm could also cause storm surges and coastal flooding.

  • The India Meteorological Department (IMD) is monitoring Cyclone Tej closely and is issuing regular updates. 

Categories of Cyclone

  • Cyclones are classified on their wind speeds

  • The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale is used to classify hurricanes in the Atlantic and East Pacific Oceans. 

  • The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale has five categories:

  1. Category 1: Winds of (119-153 km/h)

  2. Category 2: Winds of (154-177 km/h)

  3. Category 3: Winds of (178-208 km/h)

  4. Category 4: Winds of (209-251 km/h)

  5. Category 5: Winds of (252 km/h or higher)

  • The IMD uses a similar scale to classify cyclones in the North Indian Ocean.

  • The IMD uses a slightly different scale with six categories:

  1. Depression: Winds of (50-72 km/h)

  2. Deep depression: Winds of (73-98 km/h)

  3. Cyclonic storm: Winds of (99-141 km/h)

  4. Severe cyclonic storm: Winds of (142-183 km/h)

  5. Very severe cyclonic storm: Winds of (184-231 km/h)

  6. Extremely severe cyclonic storm: Winds of (232 km/h or higher)

  • The categories of a cyclone are important because they help people to understand the potential damage that the cyclone can cause. 



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Tej Cyclone UPSC NOTE
Tej Cyclone UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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