Vachathi Judgment UPSC NOTE


  • Vachathi a tribal community in Tamil Nadu.

  •  lives in the idyllic foothills of Chiteri in the Eastern Ghats Dharmapuri district T.N.

  • Community witnessed state-led brutality three decades ago.

  • On June 20, 1992. Police, forest and revenue officials — 269 in number — descended upon the village and accused the villagers of hoarding illegally felled sandalwood.

  • The villagers, women, the elderly and children included, were beaten up, their homes destroyed, wells poisoned and 18 women, including a girl, raped.

  • For the injustice they faced, after 3 decades madras high court found all the officials guilty.

SC/ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act,1989

  • It aims to prevent atrocities and provide protection SC and ST.

  • This act amended in 2015.

  • Some offences like hurt, intimidation, kidnapping etc against SC and ST persons, can attract the imprisonment of 10 years.

  • Special Courts and Exclusive Special Public Prosecutors established.

  • The act outlines procedures for the investigation, trial, and prosecution of offenses against ST and SC.

  • Providing justice is a complex and contested issue

  • There is evidence to suggest that the Act has had some positive impact.

  • The act is designed to make it more effective in providing justice to victims of caste-based discrimination and violence.

  • The Act provides for special investigation and prosecution procedures.

  • It also prohibits the grant of anticipatory bail to accused persons.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Vachathi Judgment UPSC NOTE
Vachathi Judgment UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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