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Border Road Organisation UPSC NOTE

 Why in News

  • BRO on Saturday clarified that the ongoing road project to the Amarnath cave shrine was towiden the tracks for pedestrian traffic, keeping in view the environmental concerns.

  • The court in 2012 issued the directions for sufficient widening of tracks to facilitate pedestrian traffic and address congestion on the track, improvement of critical stretches of the existing track, provide safety railings and retaining walls along the vulnerable stretches etc. keeping in view the environmental concerns.


  • BRO is a road construction and maintenance force in India. 

  • It was established in 1960 to improve the infrastructure in the border areas of the country.

  • The BRO is responsible for the construction and maintenance of roads, bridges, and tunnels in some of the most challenging terrain in the world.

  • It has constructed and maintained roads in some of the most remote and inaccessible parts of the country. 

  • The BRO's work has helped to improve connectivity between the border areas and the rest of the country, and has facilitated the movement of troops and supplies.


  • The BRO also plays an important role in disaster relief and rescue operations

  • It has mobilized its resources to provide relief to people affected by floods, earthquakes, and landslides

  • The BRO is a highly specialized organization with a team of highly skilled and experienced engineers and workers. 

  • The BRO is also committed to protecting the environment and ensuring that its projects are sustainable.

  • The BRO's motto, "Shramena Sarvam Sadhyam" (Everything is achievable through hard work), reflects its commitment to serving the nation.

BRO Missions

  • Construction of the Rohtang Pass tunnel in Himachal Pradesh, which provides all-weather connectivity to the Lahaul and Spiti valleys.

  • Construction of the Dhola Sadiya Bridge in Assam, which is the longest bridge in Asia over the Brahmaputra River.

  • Construction of the Sela Pass tunnel in Arunachal Pradesh, which will provide all-weather connectivity to the Tawang district.

  • Construction of the Zojila Pass tunnel in Jammu and Kashmir, which will provide all-weather connectivity to the Ladakh region.


Significance of Border Roads Organisation

  • Security: The BRO plays a vital role in ensuring the security of India's borders. It constructs and maintains roads, bridges, and tunnels in the border areas, which facilitates the movement of troops and supplies. This helps the Indian Armed Forces to respond quickly to any threats or challenges.

  • Development: The BRO also contributes to the socio-economic development of the border states. By improving connectivity and accessibility, the BRO helps to bring these states into the mainstream of the Indian economy


  • This leads to increased job opportunities, improved education and healthcare facilities, and a better quality of life for the people living in these areas.

  • Integration: The BRO's work helps to integrate the border states with the rest of the country. This promotes national unity and integrity.

  • Disaster relief: The BRO plays an important role in disaster relief and rescue operations in the border areas. It mobilizes its resources to provide relief to people affected by floods, earthquakes, and landslides

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Border Road Organisation UPSC NOTE
Border Road Organisation UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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