Carbon Nanoflorets UPSC NOTE


  • Carbon nanoflorets (CNFs) are a new class of porous, nanostructured hard-carbon materials that resemble marigolds in appearance. 

  • They are made by heating a special form of silicon dust called DFNS (for dendritic fibrous nanosilica) in a furnace and then introducing acetylene gas into the chamber. 

  • This process causes carbon to be deposited on the DFNS, resulting in a black powder. 

  • CNFs are extremely efficient at absorbing sunlight, with an efficiency of up to 95%. 

  • This makes them ideal for use in solar thermal devices, which convert sunlight into heat. 

  • CNFs have a low thermal conductivity, meaning that they do not transfer heat very well

  • This is important because it prevents the heat generated by sunlight from being lost to the environment. 

  • CNFs are very strong and durable, making them suitable for use in demanding applications.

  • CNFs are still under development, but they have the potential to revolutionize a wide range of industries, including solar energy, water purification, and space exploration. 

  • They could also be used to develop new water purification systems that can remove pollutants from water more effectively. 

Safety of the material

  • The safety of CNFs is still under investigation, but they are generally considered to be safe to handle and use. 

  • CNFs are made from carbon, which is a non-toxic element. 

  • CNFs are not known to be flammable or explosive.

  • it is important to take precautions when handling CNFs, as with any nanomaterial

  • CNFs are very small particles, and they can be easily inhaled. 

  • Inhaling CNFs could potentially lead to respiratory problems, such as inflammation or scarring



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Carbon Nanoflorets UPSC NOTE
Carbon Nanoflorets UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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