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Constitutional Deadlock UPSC CSE

 Why in News

The Tamil Nadu government has moved a writ petition in the Supreme Court against Governor R.N. Ravi for creating a “constitutional deadlock”.

Inexplicably delaying or even failing to consider and give assent to crucial Bills passed by the T.N Assembly.

What is meant by constitutional deadlock

  • A constitutional deadlock in India occurs when there is a disagreement between the two houses of Parliament.

  • The Constitution of India requires that both houses pass a bill before it can become law. 

  • A constitutional deadlock with a governor can occur in India when the governor refuses to act on the advice of the state cabinet. 

  • This can happen, if the governor believes that the cabinet's advice is unconstitutional or against the public interest.

Different ways to resolve a constitutional deadlock with a governor

  • One way is for the governor to reconsider their position and act on the cabinet's advice. 

  • Another way is for the cabinet to try to persuade the governor to change their mind. 

  • If these efforts fail, then the cabinet may have to approach the President of India for help.

Different ways to resolve  a constitutional deadlock by other means.

  • One way is for the two houses to hold a joint sitting and vote on the bill. 

  • In a joint sitting, the Lok Sabha has a majority, so it is likely that the bill will be passed. However, joint sittings are rarely used.

  • Another way to resolve a constitutional deadlock is for the President of India to convene a special session of Parliament. 

  • In a special session, the two houses may be able to reach a compromise on the bill. 

  • The President can use the power to promulgate ordinances to bypass Parliament and enact legislation. 



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Constitutional Deadlock UPSC CSE
Constitutional Deadlock UPSC CSE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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