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Road Safety in India UPSC NOTE

 Road Safety in India and Challenges

  • India’s roads are a paradox. 

  • They represent an enormous and growing opportunity to commute and connect, to transport and travel. 

  • They go hand in hand with the country’s modernisation and impressive economic progress.

  • Each year, a staggering 3,00,000 people are estimated to be killed on the road in India, according to the Un WHO.

  • That is equivalent to more than 34 people every hour of every day. 

  • The number of people suffering life-altering injuries in road crashes is higher even than that

  • Beyond human suffering, there is a serious economic toll: In India, road crashes are estimated to cost between 5% and 7% of national GDP.

  • Road safety is a global problem, with 1.3 million people killed in road crashes every year

  • But almost one in every four road deaths around the world takes place in India.

  • As the planet commemorated the World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims on November 19.

  • This provide a platform for road traffic victims and their families to remember, support and act, such figures should serve as a wake-up call to all of us. 

  • We need immediate, coordinated and evidence-based interventions to boost road safety and drastically reduce the daily human tragedies behind the alarming statistics.

  • Priority areas must include enforcing the use of seatbelts not just for drivers but also for their passengers.

  •  Wearing a seatbelt reduces the risk of death among drivers and front-seat occupants by 45% to 50%, and the risk of death and serious injuries among rear-seat occupants by 25%. 

  • Similarly, helmet use must be enforced among motorcyclists as well as their pillion passengers. Correct helmet use can lead to a 42% reduction in the risk of fatal injuries.

  • Speeding must be reduced and there can be no tolerance for drink-driving; a recent report by the Government revealed that speeding led to 70% of India’s road crash deaths. 

  • The Sustainable Development Goals, created in 2015, include a target (3.6) to halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road crashes and a call (11.2) to make public transport safer, more affordable and more accessible to all.

  • Police in the major cities, such as the capital, New Delhi, are adopting modern technologies such as intelligent traffic management systems to effectively regulate traffic flows in a much better way and minimise the potential for collision

  • To help increase access to safe helmets, the Special Envoy has worked with helmet producers to produce a low-cost ventilated United Nations standard helmet, for under $20, including here in India.

  • Road safety is a complex and multi-dimensional challenge, but the benefits that come with addressing it can be equally profound. 

  • What we need is a comprehensive safe-system approach as envisaged in the UN’s the Second Decade of Action for Road Safety 2021-2030, and full implementation of the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Act 2019.

  • Ending the silent pandemic of road injuries will not only save lives but also strengthen the economy and improve the quality of life for everyone.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Road Safety in India UPSC NOTE
Road Safety in India UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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