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Voting System UPSC NOTE

 The MMP System

  • New Zealand uses the mixed member proportional (MMP) system

  • Under MMP, voters cast two votes: a ‘party vote’ that determines the overall composition of the 120-seat Parliament and an ‘electorate vote’ to elect a local MP for their geographical constituency. 

  • Each party submits a ranked party list to the Electoral Commission of New Zealand before the polls. 

  • Parties then elect candidates from this list as list MPs. 

  • The electorate vote does not alter the overall party representation in Parliament. 

  • Voters can split their vote

  • Giving both votes to one political party is a ‘double tick’. 

Split voting system

  • A split voting system is an electoral system that allows to cast votes for candidates from different political parties in a single election. 

  • This is in contrast to straight-ticket voting, where voters choose candidates from the same political party for every office up for election.

  • Split voting systems are most common in countries with (MMP) electoral systems

  • Split voting systems are also used in some countries with other electoral systems, such as parallel voting systems and single transferable vote systems.

First-past-the-post voting system

  • First-past-the-post (FPTP) voting system is an electoral system in which voters cast a single vote for a candidate in a constituency.

  • The candidate with the most votes wins the election

  • FPTP is the simplest form of majority voting.

  •  It is used in many countries around the world, including the United Kingdom, the United States, and India.

  • In an FPTP election, the country is divided into a number of constituencies.

  • Each of which elects one representative to the legislature. 

  • On election day, voters receive a ballot paper with a list of candidates. 

  • Voters mark one (and only one) candidate on the ballot paper. 

  • The candidate with the most votes in each constituency is declared the winner.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Voting System UPSC NOTE
Voting System UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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