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War in Myanmar UPSC NOTE

 Recent issues in Myanmar

  • A coordinated offensive by Myanmar’s ethnic rebels against the junta in several parts of the country late last month.

  • Its the clearest sign yet that the coup regime’s hands are overstretched. 

  • The Three Brotherhood Alliance, a coalition of ethnic minority armed groups, has claimed to have made territorial gains on Myanmar’s border with China and dozens of junta forces surrendering. 

  • Clashes have erupted in the restive Rakhine State, and Chin State that borders India

  • Faced with battlefield setbacks, the junta’s response has been to carry out air strikes, causing heavy civilian casualties

  • When the military toppled the elected government of Aung San Suu Kyi in February 2021.

  • Since then, over 4,000 civilians and pro-democracy activists have been killed by the military, 20,000 people jailed.

  • But the junta’s violence has done little in stabilising the country.

  • Myanmar has faced violence by ethnic minorities for decades

  • Over two years, The rebels have made substantial territorial gains and kept multiple fronts open.

  •  They are maintaining operational pressure points on the junta. 

  • The generals are also facing regional isolation, especially in ASEAN

  • The new rebel offensive and territorial losses point to the mounting woes of Gen. Min Aung Hlaing’s regime

  • A military solution looks improbable. 

  • They demand a federal democratic system with greater autonomy for ethnic minority regions. 

  • If the violence continues, especially in areas bordering India and China, it will have regional repercussions

  • Major regional players, along with ASEAN, should play a more proactive role to achieve a ceasefire in Myanmar, setting the stage for meaningful dialogue that is aimed at restoring democracy and freedoms.


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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: War in Myanmar UPSC NOTE
War in Myanmar UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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