Antiretroviral Therapy UPSC NOTE


  • Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is a combination of medications used to treat HIV infection

  • ART prevents HIV from replicating in the body, which helps to keep the immune system healthy and prevents the progression of HIV to AIDS.

  • ART is highly effective in controlling HIV infection, and people with HIV who take ART can live long and healthy lives. 

  • In fact, people with HIV who take ART and have an undetectable viral load cannot transmit HIV to others through sex.

  • ART is typically taken as a once-daily pill, and it is important to take ART consistently and as prescribed by your doctor. 

  • Missing doses of ART can allow HIV to replicate in the body, which can lead to drug resistance.

Here are some of the benefits of ART:

  • Prevents HIV from replicating in the body

  • Helps to keep the immune system healthy

  • Prevents the progression of HIV to AIDS

  • Reduces the risk of transmitting HIV to others

  • Improves quality of life

Here are some of the side effects of ART:

  • Nausea

  • Diarrhea

  • Fatigue

  • Headache

  • Rash

  • Depression



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Antiretroviral Therapy UPSC NOTE
Antiretroviral Therapy UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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