Crime against women UPSC NOTE

 What was the nature of the majority of crimes against women? 

  • The majority of crimes against women were of

  1. Cruelty by husband or his relatives (31.4%),

  2. Kidnapping and abduction of women (19.2%),

  3. Assault on women with intent to outrage her modesty (18.7%).

  4. Rape (7.1%). 

  5. 13,479 cases were registered under the Dowry Prohibition Act.

  • Activists and lawyers attribute this to a patriarchal society. 

  • Despite high levels of education, male mindsets and societal attitude remain unchanged,says Supreme Court lawyer Shilpi Jain. 

  • India over the last few years has witnessed a strengthening of regressive value systems which women’s movements had struggled to overcome for decades

  • There is a glorification of anti-women practices,” she points out. 

  • Dowry or bride price both connote commodity status of women who are traded between families for their productive and reproductive labour. 

  • What we need is a strong political will, and not mere rhetoric, to bring in policies and programmes that will focus on creating conditions to elevate women’s status.

What does an increase in the registration of crimes against women indicate?

  • The NCRB’s report reveals that over 4.45 lakh cases of crimes against women were registered in 2022, 

  • This is equivalent to nearly 51 FIRs (first information report) every hour

  • The rate of crimes against women per lakh population stood at 66.4 while the filing of charge sheets in such cases was pegged at 75.8.

  • The high crime rate is an indicator of the persistent “lower status and inequality” faced by women and girls.

  • Women and girls continue to be treated as permanent shock absorbers across class, caste and other axes. 

  • It is an outcome of reconstruction of patriarchy in the neo-liberal economy era.

  •  According to Ms. Jain, the increase in crimes against women shows the attitude of Indian society towards women: 

  • The rise can also be attributed to the fact that though India has tough laws for protection of women, their implementation remains a challenge, she adds.

  • The NCRB report mainly shows that women feel confident to approach the police and get criminal cases registered.

  • Increase in numbers, according to her, should not be equated with increase in crime. 

  • In Delhi, With 14,247 cases in 2022, the highest rate of crimes against women in the country at 144.4 per lakh.

What are the key laws for women’s safety?

  • Some of the key laws for women’s safety in India are: 

  1. The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956, 

  2. The Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961, 

  3. The Commission of Sati (Prevention) Act, 1987,

  4. Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005, 

  5. The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013

  1. The Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act, 1986. 

  • Experts say that implementation faces dual problems of shoddy investigation by police and time taken by courts to deliver justice. “

  • There is a severe lack of police officers with requisite training for investigations

  • Most of the investigating officers are juniors with a poor pay scale. 

  • This hampers the actual investigation and preparation of chargesheets

  • When it reaches the courts, at trial courts which are the first step, the cases take four to five years

  • If there is an appeal, it takes another 10-15 years.

  • Despite fast-track courts for looking into grievous crimes, the fact is they remain as slow as ever

  • Women police officers are involved in all crimes against women, their proportion in the force is dismal and the rate of their recruitment is very slow in all States without exception

  • This also causes disproportionate levels of workload on women police personnel leading to slower rates of charge-sheeting and convictions.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Crime against women UPSC NOTE
Crime against women UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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