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Tejas and Prachand UPSC NOTE

 Why in News

  • Defence Acquisition Council, chaired by Defence Minister Rajnath Singh, gives initial approval for acquisition of the indigenously developed aircraft for armed forces; 98% of total procurement to be sourced from domestic industries.

  • Defence Acquisition projects estimated at ₹2.23 lakh crore that included procurement of 97 Tejas light combat aircraft and 156 Prachand combat helicopters.

Tejas jets 

  • The Tejas jet is a single-engine, fourth-generation fighter jet designed and manufactured by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) in India

  • It is the first indigenously developed fighter jet to enter service with the Indian Air Force (IAF).

  • The Tejas jet is a multirole fighter aircraft that can be used for air superiority, air-to-ground attack, and close air support missions

  • It is equipped with a variety of advanced avionics and weapons systems, including a radar, an electronic warfare suite, and air-to-air and air-to-ground missiles.

  • It is a testament to the country's growing ability to design and produce advanced military aircraft.

  • As of December 1, 2023, the IAF has inducted 16 Tejas Mk 1 aircraft into service. 

  • It has also placed an order for 97 Tejas Mk 1A aircraft, which are scheduled to be delivered by 2028. 

  • The IAF is also planning to acquire a more advanced version of the Tejas jet, known as the Tejas Mk 2.

  • The Tejas jet is a vital part of India's air defense strategy. 

Prachand helicopters

  • The Prachand is an Indian multi-role light attack helicopter designed and manufactured by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) under Project LCH

  • It has been ordered by the Indian Air Force and the Indian Army. 

  • Its flight ceiling is the highest among all attack helicopters in the world.

  • The Prachand is a highly capable helicopter that can be used for a variety of missions,

  • Close air support

  • Anti-tank warfare

  • Air superiority

  • Armed reconnaissance

  • Search and rescue

  • Combat support

The Prachand is equipped with a variety of advanced weapons and avionics systems,Air-to-air missiles

  • Air-to-ground missiles

  • A 20mm cannon

  • A radar

  • An electronic warfare suite

  • A night vision system



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Tejas and Prachand UPSC NOTE
Tejas and Prachand UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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