False

$show=search/label/May%202022

 


Counter Terrorism in J and K UPSC NOTE

 Counter-terrorism approach in J and K

  • In J&K, the new year dawned in the backdrop of a terror strike in Rajouri-Poonch districts at Dera ki Gali (DKG).

  •  Four soldiers were killed in an ambush. 

  • In its aftermath, three civilians were alleged to have been killed by security forces. 

  • The Director General of Police, J&K, in his media briefing on the year’s round up, touched upon the encouraging numbers of terrorists killed, and how the things in the Union Territory (UT) were looking up. 

  • At around the same time, there was a media report, giving the nuances related to the number of terrorists killed by a paramilitary force in 2023.

  • Number of terrorist killed was lower than the previous year.

  • The Union Home Minister too, while reviewing the security situation in the UT, exhorted the security forces to destroy the terror infrastructure

  • This, in all probability, implied maximising the neutralisation of terror cadres.

Arguments against focusing solely on kills

  • While it cannot be denied that neutralising terrorists is one of the most crucial objectives of the security operations.

  • It ought not become the overriding factor, especially in the present context of lower terror indices. 

  • In this backdrop, an obsession with the numbers of terrorists killed may be debatable vis-à-vis its effect in the mid and long term.

  • The past and present of insurgency in Rajouri-Poonch districts vindicate the argument related to the futility of an obsession with the number of ‘kills’. 

  • Simply put, the last terrorist can seldom be killed. 

  • Insurgency was at its peak in the late 1990s and early 2000s in this region. 

  • By virtue of the toil and sacrifices of the uniformed services, the situation changed for the better and by 2011-12, the region was on the verge of being declared terror free.

  • It is amply clear that the state machinery was unable to consolidate and build up on the gains made. 

  • The region appears to be going down the abyss, yet again

  • In hindsight, it may be inferred that one of the main attributes leading to the re-emergence of instability is the misplaced focus of the counter terrorism approach

  • In our undue obsession with the numbers of ‘kills’ as parameters of a successful counter-terror campaign, we may have been winning the battle by addressing the symptoms, but it has indeed been at the cost of the campaign.

Criticisms of current system

  • Paradoxically, combating insurgencies is challenging when terror-related incidents are on decline and the need for recognition pushes units to scout for easier ways to gain tangibles

  • It gets down to being a case of the ‘tail wagging the dog’, wherein the ends are chased with a total disregard to the means

  • Chasing numbers was the obvious option in the years when terror-related fatalities in J&K touched a yearly mark of 2,000-plus. 

  • This is in sharp contrast to the declining fatalities post 2007, with the figures at 134 in 2023 (South Asia Terror Portal). 

  • The situational dynamics, unfortunately, never ushered in adjustments in the modus operandi of security forces and assessment methodology of unit performance by the hierarchy

  • Changed dynamics warranted efforts at peace building, consolidation and conflict management. 

  • The system has been reluctant to adapt.

  • Tangibles prove performance continues to be the bottom-line, mainly due to factors such as limited tenures, primacy of short-term gains, competitive career environments, and a false sense of glory.

  • As in the classical teaching of counter insurgency, tactical-level operations, duly backed by psychological operations, have to be people-centric. 

  • Winning the hearts and the minds of the population has been a cliched but most overlooked dictum. 

  • A perseverance to address people’s aspirations is most often sacrificed at the altar of so-called performance imperatives

  • It is noteworthy that although various agencies of the state involved in a conflict zone do formulate and execute people-centric policies, the cultural orientation of the same at execution levels is missing

  • This has often resulted in lapses such as what manifested in the unfortunate death of three civilians in DKG. 

  • Also, in several instances, we have suffered an avoidable loss of officers and jawans in an operational rush to acquire ‘kills’. 

  • The bad name caused casts a sombre shadow on the hard-earned values, ethics and traditions of the security forces.

Alternative approach

  • A security force of the nation must defend its people and their dignity, even at its own cost.

  • Leadership is all about compensating any cost to the soldier, with the leader standing up to bridge the gap between the interests of people and soldiers

  • Ideally, there should be no contradiction between the requirements of people and soldiers, who have to be commanded accordingly. 

  • Clearly, if people’s acceptance is the ‘end’, then an oversight on the ‘means’ provisioned by soldiers is indispensable. 

  • And, lastly, security forces have the task of managing the conflict and handing over a stable situation to the government machinery for due political process, with enhanced participation and stakeholding of the people

  • Many a time, the security forces have been successful in doing that, only to be met with unprepared and reluctant political initiatives.

  • In a report on January 8, this daily reported that “the people of J&K, who have not had any Assembly representation since 2018, will cease to have any electoral representation at the grassroots level as well, from January 9”. 

  • Such developments do not comprise a recipe for resolution of the J&K conundrum through the whole of the government approach. 

  • And, perhaps, the objective of eliminating terrorists rather than terrorism shall continue to be the ground rule.


COMMENTS

Name

Amritsar,1,Art & Culture,1,August 2023,251,Courses,7,Daily Current Affairs,48,December 2023,189,Disaster Management,2,Environment and Ecology,54,February 2024,188,Foundation Course,1,GDP,1,GEMS Club,1,GEMS Plus,1,Geography,67,Govt Schemes,2,GST,1,History,2,Home,3,IAS Booklist,1,Important News,71,Indian Economy,46,Indian History,2,Indian Polity,56,International Organisation,12,International Relations,58,Invasive Plant,1,January 2024,240,July 2023,281,June 2022,6,June 2023,268,May 2022,17,Mentorship,2,November 2023,169,October 2023,203,Places in News,2,Science & Technology,66,September 2023,205,UPSC CSE,111,
ltr
item
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Counter Terrorism in J and K UPSC NOTE
Counter Terrorism in J and K UPSC NOTE
https://lh7-us.googleusercontent.com/RuA4WYkyK5Of3n2rcEZFskaAUJw74UZZJq7bS_zZMa49as3rOkEjfywrdfzFXLoYIlkXrKd9nCiHKLkYHZzuvVpqQkbShzA3UY4KstgdczsffCWQqXprx6xhNKgprDRidrg34xBIqeBx9-PP8jB7Yw=s2048
https://lh7-us.googleusercontent.com/RuA4WYkyK5Of3n2rcEZFskaAUJw74UZZJq7bS_zZMa49as3rOkEjfywrdfzFXLoYIlkXrKd9nCiHKLkYHZzuvVpqQkbShzA3UY4KstgdczsffCWQqXprx6xhNKgprDRidrg34xBIqeBx9-PP8jB7Yw=s72-c
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
https://www.learnerz.in/2024/01/counter-terrorism-in-j-and-k-upsc-note.html
https://www.learnerz.in/
https://www.learnerz.in/
https://www.learnerz.in/2024/01/counter-terrorism-in-j-and-k-upsc-note.html
true
4761292069385420868
UTF-8
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share to a social network STEP 2: Click the link on your social network Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy Table of Content