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Discipline in Aviation UPSC NOTE

 Importance of crew training and passenger discipline in aviation safety

  • The aviation accident, on Tuesday, January 2, 2024, where a Japan Airlines (JAL) Airbus A350 aircraft collided with a Japanese Coast Guard Bombardier Dash 8 aircraft at Tokyo’s Haneda airport while landing.

  •  Which all 379 passengers on the JAL plane escaped but with five fatalities on the smaller aircraft.

  • There was a notice to airmen issued for Haneda indicating that the stop bar.

  • A set of red lights that come on at taxi holding point for that runway, was not available

  • The Coast Guard plane was cleared to the holding point, which was acknowledged by the pilot to Air Traffic Control (ATC). 

  • The ATC tape transcript also shows the JAL flight being cleared to land, which was acknowledged by the pilots. 

  • The investigation report will indicate what made the Coast Guard pilot enter the runway

  • The investigation report will identify these and we can expect the preliminary report in a fortnight, unlike accident reports in India which take months and years.

  • Aircraft manufacturers are required to demonstrate that an aircraft, in maximum density configuration, can be completely evacuated within 90 seconds using only half the total number of emergency exits. 

  • The world witnessed the highest quality of discipline and crew training, which saved 379 people in the fiery accident. 

  • It was an amazing display of orderly evacuation from the burning wreckage that the JAL cabin crew executed. 

  • All passengers followed the safety instructions and left the aircraft without carrying their hand bags or crowding around after coming down the

aircraft evacuation slides. 

  • Only three exits were available for evacuation. 

  • The cabin public address system was not working and the crew used megaphone and voice announcements for the evacuation.

  • On August 2, 2005, Air France flight, AF 358, from Paris, France, to Toronto overshot the runway while landing in heavy rain and caught fire

  • All 309 passengers were evacuated safely, though 11 received injuries. 

  • Images of the evacuation showed several passengers leaving the burning aircraft with their hand luggage. 

  • Similar action by passengers on an Emirates flight (EK 521) from Thiruvananthapuram to Dubai, on August 3, 2016, that crashed while landing.

  • A complete lack of discipline on the part of passengers who were grabbing their hand luggage, thus delaying the evacuation

  • The aviation world should learn a lot from the absolutely high professional standards in JAL’s training of its crew

  • Air passengers worldwide should also realise that pre-flight emergency procedure instructions should be followed seriously.

Concerns about safety practices in Indian aviation

  • Air India has had a long history of covering up serious incidents and accidents with the blessings of the DGCA. 

  • The hard landing accident at Dubai should serve as a wake-up call for the airline

  • The airline has just inducted a new aircraft, the Airbus A350, and the criterion for the crew selected to fly it should be based on very high standards and not on seniority

  • While the first lot of captains are Airbus experienced.

  • The second lot being sent for conversion are from the Boeing fleet

  • Both the DGCA and Air India should insist on a hard copy of the simulator proficiency check report/certification of the pilots training on this aircraft.

  • Merely stating that safety is paramount when so many incidents are being swept under the carpet will not improve the reputation of the airline.

  • India can claim to The Air India management needs to do some soul searching when it comes to operations, training and safety. 

  • India and its airlines have much to learn from the Japan Airlines incident.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Discipline in Aviation UPSC NOTE
Discipline in Aviation UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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