Gallantry Awards UPSC NOTE


  • Gallantry awards are prestigious honors bestowed upon individuals who display exceptional courage and sacrifice in the face of danger. 

  • Recognize acts of bravery and selflessness displayed by members of the armed forces, other lawful forces, and civilians.

  • Inspire and motivate others to demonstrate similar courage and dedication.

  • Param Vir Chakra (PVC): Highest wartime gallantry award, awarded for most exceptional bravery in the face of the enemy.

  • Ashoka Chakra (AC): Highest peacetime gallantry award, awarded for most exceptional bravery in non-warlike situations.

  • Maha Vir Chakra (MVC): Second highest wartime gallantry award, awarded for acts of exceptional gallantry.

  • Kirti Chakra (KC): Second highest peacetime gallantry award, awarded for acts of conspicuous gallantry.

  • Vir Chakra (VC): Awarded for acts of gallantry in wartime.

  • Shaurya Chakra (SC): Awarded for acts of gallantry in peacetime.

  • Open to personnel of the armed forces, other lawful forces like police and paramilitary forces, and civilians.

Selection Process:

  • Recommendations made by a committee comprising senior defense officials and eminent civilians.

  • Announced twice a year - on Republic Day (January 26th) and Independence Day (August 15th).

  • Conferred by the President of India at a ceremonial function.

  • Instituted in 1950.

  • Considered a mark of immense honor and respect.

  • Recipients receive various benefits and privileges.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Gallantry Awards UPSC NOTE
Gallantry Awards UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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