Great Indian Bustard UPSC NOTE

 Why in news

  • The Supreme Court on Friday directed the Centre to come clean by February on its plans to save the critically endangered Great Indian Bustard.

  • A three-judge Bench headed by Chief Justice of India D.Y. Chandrachud said the government has to come out with a plan which would save the bird species from extinction largely due to collision with high-transmission power lines situated in areas in Gujarat and Rajasthan which also happen to be the natural habitat of the bustards

  • The court said the government’s plan ought to maintain a balance between the preservation of the bird species and India’s global commitments to shed its carbon footprints.

Great Indian Bustard

  • The Great Indian Bustard AKA Ardeotis nigriceps.

  • This majestic bird, once widespread across the Indian subcontinent, holds a special place in India's natural heritage. 

  • A large ground bird, standing about a meter tall with a horizontal body and long legs, giving it an ostrich-like appearance.

  • Males sport a black crown contrasting with pale head and neck, brown wings with black and gray markings, and a black breast band during breeding season

  • Females are smaller and less brightly colored.

  • Critically endangered, with an estimated population of just 150 individuals remaining.

  • Prefers dry grasslands, scrublands, and semi-desert plains. 

  • Currently confined to Rajasthan, Gujarat, parts of Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh.

  • Primarily feeds on insects, small reptiles, and seeds.

  • Solitary except during breeding season, when males perform elaborate courtship displays with booming calls and puffed-up crowns.

  • Lay one single egg on the ground, making them vulnerable to habitat loss and disturbance.

  • Habitat loss due to agriculture, infrastructure development, and mining poses the biggest threat.

  • Collisions with power lines and hunting further endanger their survival.

  • Conservation efforts include habitat restoration, protected areas, captive breeding programs, and awareness campaigns.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Great Indian Bustard UPSC NOTE
Great Indian Bustard UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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