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Kaziranga National Park UPSC NOTE

 

  • Kaziranga National Park is one of India’s oldest reserve areas

  • It is located in Golaghat and Nagaon, in the Karbi Anglong district of Assam in northeast India

  • The park is administered by the forest department of the Assam State Government.

History of Kaziranga National Park

  • Mary Curzon took the initiative to declare the area ‘protected’, with her husband Lord Curzon after she failed to spot a single rhinoceros in the area.

  • The park also has elephants, swamp deer, wild water buffalo, etc. 

  • It also has a wide range of flora. 

  • It also has 15 threatened species of fauna. 

  • It is also a breeding ground for many species of big cats like leopards and Bengal tigers

  • It also has many species of birds and is designated as an ‘Important Bird Area’ by Birdlife International.

  • The park has about 2413 rhinos. 

  • In March 2020, Kaziranga National Park was selected as one among the 17 Iconic Tourist Sites of the country by the Indian Government.

  • The National Highway 37 passes through the Park.

  • The Kaziranga National Park has 250 plus seasonal water bodies, besides the Diphlu River running through it.

 Tiger Conservation in India.

  • Important Species Found in the Kaziranga National Park

  • Much of the focus of conservation efforts in Kaziranga are focused on the ‘big four’ species— Rhino, Elephant, Royal Bengal tiger and Asiatic water buffalo.

  • The 2018 census had yielded 2,413 rhinos and approximately 1,100 elephants.

  • As per the figures of tiger census conducted in 2014, Kaziranga had an estimated 103 tigers, the third-highest population in India after Jim Corbett National Park (215) in Uttarakhand and Bandipur National Park (120) in Karnataka.

  • Kaziranga is home to 9 of the 14 species of primates found in the Indian subcontinent.

  • It is the home of the world’s most one-horned rhinos

  • Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary has the highest density of one-horned rhinos in the world and second-highest number of Rhinos in Assam after Kaziranga National Park.


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