Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (AMASR) Act UPSC NOTE


  • The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (AMASR) Act is a legislation in India that aims to preserve and protect the country's rich heritage and cultural assets.

  • It was enacted in 1958 and is one of the most important laws for the protection of archaeology in India.

The AMASR Act protects a wide range of archaeological sites and remains,

  • Ancient monuments: This includes any structure, building, cave, sculpture, inscription, or monolith that is over 100 years old and has historical, archaeological, or artistic significance.

  • Archaeological sites: This includes any area where there is evidence of past human activity, such as settlements, burial grounds, and trade routes.

  • Remains: This includes any object or fragment of an object that has archaeological significance, such as pottery, coins, and tools.

The AMASR Act protects archaeological sites and remains in a number of ways,

  • Identifying and declaring protected areas: The Archaeological Survey of India is responsible for identifying and declaring protected areas around archaeological sites and remains

  • These protected areas are typically 100 meters in radius, but they can be larger or smaller depending on the specific site.

  • Regulating construction and development: Construction and development activities are prohibited within protected areas without the permission of the ASI. This helps to prevent damage to archaeological sites and remains.

  • Excavation and exploration: The ASI has the exclusive right to excavate and explore archaeological sites and remains

  • This helps to ensure that these sites are excavated in a scientific and responsible manner.

  • Acquisition of land: The ASI can acquire land that is important for the protection of archaeological sites and remains.

Chattar Manzil

  • The Chattar Manzil, or Umbrella Palace is a building in Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh which served as a palace for the rulers of Awadh and their wives.

Kazmain buildings

  • The Kazmain buildings was constructed by a Hindu minister in a royal court of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah around mid-19th  century

  • The minister was later converted to Shia faith after his journey to Imam Kazim's and Mohammed Taqui's tombs in Khorasan, Iran.

Rumi Darwaza

  • The Rumi Darwaza, in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India, is an imposing gateway which was built by Nawab Asaf-Ud-Daula in 1784

  • It is an example of Awadhi architecture

  • The Rumi Darwaza, which stands sixty feet tall, was modeled after the Sublime Porte in Istanbul.

Bada Imambara

  • Bara Imambara, also known as Asafi Imambara, is an imambara complex in Lucknow.

  • Built by Asaf-ud-Daula, Nawab of Awadh, in 1784. 

  • Bara means big. 

  • An Imambara is a shrine built by Shia Muslims for the purpose of Azadari. 

  • This imambara is the second largest after the Nizamat Imambara.

Chota Imambara

  • Chota Imambara, also known as Imambara Hussainabad Mubarak is an imposing monument located in the city of Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India. 

  • It took 54 years to finalize it.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (AMASR) Act UPSC NOTE
Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (AMASR) Act UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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