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Blue Corner Notice UPSC NOTE

 What is a “blue corner” notice?

  • A blue corner notice also known as an “enquiry notice” allows police forces in member states to share critical crime-related information such as obtaining a person’s criminal record, and location and, having his or her identity verified among others

  • For instance, in January 2020, Interpol issued a blue corner notice to help locate fugitive self-styled godman Nithyananda.

How does it differ from a “red corner” notice?

  • A red corner notice is issued by a member state to arrest a wanted criminal through extradition or any other similar lawful action

  • Such notices are issued against persons wanted by national jurisdictions for prosecution or to serve a sentence based on an arrest warrant or a court decision

  • The country issuing the request need not be the home country of the fugitive, Interpol acts even on the request of a country where the alleged crime has been committed.

  • While blue corner notices are issued prior to the filing of criminal charges, red corner notices generally follow criminal convictions

  • The concerned individual can be stopped and arrested while travelling through a member state

  • There will also be other detrimental consequences such as the closure of bank accounts

  • However, Interpol cannot compel law enforcement authorities in any country to arrest the subject of a red corner notice as the exercise of such powers is entirely discretionary.

  • In 2018, a red corner notice was issued against fugitive billionaire Nirav Modi in relation to thePunjab National Bank scam

  • However, in October 2022, Interpol rejected a second request by Indiato issue such a notice against Gurpatwant Singh Pannun, whom the Union Ministry of Home Affairs has listed as a “terrorist.” 

  • The agency said that India has failed to provide sufficient information to support its case and that his activities have a “clear political dimension.”

Is the notice system prone to misuse?

  • Although Interpol’s Constitution explicitly forbids any activities of a political character, activists have accused it of failing to enforce this rule.

  • Much of this outrage is directed at Russia, which has repeatedly issued notices and diffusions for the arrest of Kremlin opponents

  • According to the U.S. rights organisation Freedom House, Russia is responsible for 38% of all public red notices.

  • International human rights groups have also accused China, Iran, Turkey, and Tunisia, among others, of abusing the agency’s notice system for authoritarian ends.

  • In response to the mounting criticism, Interpol toughened the oversight of its red notice system

  • However, vulnerabilities remain when it comes to the issuance of blue notices with experts flagging that such notices are less likely to be reviewed before publication. 

  • The agency’s data shows that blue notices have roughly doubled in number over the past decade.

  • But countries like Turkey argue that such restraint in the issuance of notices hampers police cooperation and that the West should not interfere with their internal affairs.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Blue Corner Notice UPSC NOTE
Blue Corner Notice UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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